Apple Users' Group (Sydney) Apple II Disks 1 thru 52 (1980's) & MORE...


*** DISKS 1 - 52 ***

This collection comprises the first 52 Apple II disks produced by the Apple Users' Group of Sydney in the 1980s, with a wide assortment of Apple II programs.

They originally came supplied on 5.25" floppies in mostly DOS 3.3 format.


I used ShrinkIt to create disk archives of the complete set, backing them up to 3.5" 800K ProDOS disks (seven in total).

The downloadable ZIP archive contains all seven of these 800K disks in .2MG format

The ShrinkIt archives are denoted by S1 for side 1 of a 140K disk and S2 for side 2.

All are in DOS 3.3 format (except where noted) and will need 8-bit ShrinkIt to unpack.

An alternative under Windows is to use CiderPress to pull out the archives from the .2MG, then use the "Convert Disk Image" facility to convert them to 140K .DO (DOS 3.3), or more rarely .PO (ProDOS) image files - bootable under most Apple II emulators.  If the image crashes on boot, the original disk may have used a Disk Volume Number other than 254 (the DOS 3.3 default).  Try moving the files to a plain vanilla DOS image.  Or convert to 140K .2MG format and set the correct volume number using 2MG Properties Editor in CiderPress.  As ShrinkIt does store the volume number, unpacking to real 5.25" floppies on an Apple II machine should always work.



Apple Users Group Sydney Apple II Disks 1 thru

Detailed index of all the programs in the collection

Disclaimer: I'm making this set available for historical archival/preservation purposes, but must emphasize that all disks remain the property of the Apple Users' Group of Sydney (still very much alive today as AMUG Sydney). 

^ 2015-10-26 (last revised 2016-07-24)


Steve Wozniak "The Woz" hits Perth during his August 2016 tour of New Zealand & Australia




In this section I intend to make available some Apple II software transferred from old floppy disks (5.25" or 3.5" physical media in my actual possession).

The transfers are generally accomplished using ADTPro on an Apple IIGS and Windows PC linked by serial cable.  A Super Serial Card installed in the IIGS has its jumper block configured for "Terminal" (null modem mode), and a standard serial cable runs from this to the COM port of the PC.  My other approach is to create the disk images on the IIGS using Asimov, then to drag and drop the files to a Windows PC running A2SERVER (Appleshare server), with a Mac PowerBook 3400c sitting in the middle as an Ethernet/Localtalk bridge.  TP-LINK AV500 powerline adapters are used to link the PowerBook to the PC's router, which are in different rooms.

The detailed PHOTO SLIDESHOW at the bottom of this page illustrates both approaches....


 8-bit Apple II Disk Images 


Taito Bubble Bobble - patched for infinite lives DISK 1   DISK 2



Soft documentation collection  ~120 softdocs for Apple II games  - compiled 1991 by cvxmelody DISKS (800K) (2 disks - ZIP archive)


CP/M collection  37 Apple II CP/M disks  & more (ProDOS assortment etc.) - compiled 1991-92 by cvxmelody DISKS (800K) (8 disks - ZIP archive)



Epyx Impossible Mission II - The Apple Odessa crack DISK 1   DISK 2

 The Apple Odessa was a prolific Apple II cracking group based in Melbourne. They ran a BBS known as "The Black Board"


Click to read private BBS message from The Apple Odessa


Click to read a private BBS message I received from Negative Energy of The Apple Odessa on December 25, 1990 concerning their latest activities


Absolute Entertainment Crossbow (1988) - The Apple Odessa crack - for 128K Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Music & game programs (Applesoft & Integer BASIC) (1981 compilation by J.Wenman) - Music Writer | Apple Organ | Solo Race (Indy 500) | Apple II Trek | Labyrinth | The Racing Game (by Bill Budge) | Piero | Add-Libs (by Apple Computer) | Rocket Pilot (by Robert J. Bishop) - first ever Apple II game!  [Read interview with Bob Bishop in Juiced.GS] DISK


Game compilation - Seafox (1982 Broderbund) | Pro Golf I (by Jim Wells, 1979 Softape) | Dynasty (by Weyman Fong, 1978 Apple Core) - improved version of Hammurabi | Blitzkrieg (by Mark Cross, 1979 Programma) | Apple '21' Blackjack (by Bill DePew, 1978 Softape) - Run 'INTEGER' first for Integer BASIC games (unless using the original Apple ][) DISK


Word Games - Puzzle Generator (by Creative Computing) | Crackaword (by B.A. McAndrew) | Boggle Run (by B.A. McAndrew) DISK


Elizabeth Computer Centre Elementary Mathematics (1980-82) - Kangaroos | Star Flight | Hunt the Monsters | Dock the Boat DISK


Computer Solutions Zardax 5.2 (1981-82) - word processor & Utilities v1.14 (reference card available HERE) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Elizabeth Computer Centre & Gemini Software First Fleet Database: Convicts & Computers (1982) DISK


Synergistic Software Microbe: The Anatomical Adventure (1982) -  Tutorial disk only  DISK  (game disk available HERE)


C.Millsum Crossing the Blue Mountains (1983) DISK


A.C.T. Apple User's Group Introductory Free Disk DISK


C.H.S. Computer Centre Sport Result Program DISK


Database Publications Apple User Games Disk #1 (1985) DISK


Database Publications Apple User Graphics Library (1985) - complete software routines from Apple User (UK) Graphics Library series (Feb 1984-Nov 1985) DISK


Jacaranda Wiley Gold-Dust Island (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Quick-Cartage Company (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Scavenger Hunt (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Sheep-Dog Trial (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Cunning Running (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Raft-Away River (1984) DISK

Jacaranda Wiley Dinosaur Discovery (1985) DISK 1   DISK 2

Jacaranda Wiley & 4Mation Bush Rescue (1987) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)

4Mation Zoopak (1987) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)

Jacaranda Software Kraken - a deep-sea quest (1989) DISK

Jacaranda Software Terra Australis - Voyages of trade and discovery (1989) DISK 1   DISK 2



  Dark Star Systems Snapshot Two Copykit v4.8 (1983) - two distinct copies enclosed DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)

  Dark Star Systems Snapshot //e Copykit v8.7 (1985)  (see also v10.0) DISK

Snapshot IIe Copykit v10.0 menu   Snapshot Copykit ad - Apple Orchard Nov 1983 (scanned by "Sketch the Cow")

  Dark Star Systems Snapshot //e Diagnostic Disk (1985) DISK

Sample backups made using Snapshot //e system (bootable, no Snapshot card required):-

Karateka (gameplay commences at start) DISK

Karateka (gameplay commences at level 2) DISK


         Snapshot software updates 1987

      Broderbund Karateka (1984) - Backed up with Wildcard - menu-selectable: starts at middle (downstairs) or final fight scene DISK

Wildcard advertisement (Jan 30, 1984 InfoWorld)


Apple Computer Intercept (1978) DISK


Apple Computer Apple Writer 1.1 (1979) DISK


Call-A.P.P.L.E. ApMail v1.2 (1979) - name and address filing system - type 'RUN APMAIL' to start DISK



Software Arts VisiCalc v1.37 (1979) - Beautiful Boot version DISK


  Micro Finance Systems VisiTrend v1.00 (1981) - Backed up with Wildcard - works on Apple ][+, //e, //c DISK


Programma International Apple PIE (1980) - word processor system DISK


Hayden Data-Graph (1980) - DOS 3.3 DISK



Apple Computer Apple II Pascal 1.1 disk #1 (1980) - patched for Prometheus VERSAcard clock/calendar DISK  (VERSAcard brochure available HERE)


Apple Computer Apple Presents Apple (1981) - "How to use the Apple keyboard in One Easy Lesson" DISK


Game compilation - Cyber Strike (1980 Sirius Software) | Foosball (1981 Sirius Software) | Choplifter (1982 Broderbund) | Pigpen (1982 TMQ Software) - selectable difficulty level DISK


Game compilation - Space Quarks (1981 Broderbund) | Roadrace | Creepy Corridors (1982 Sierra) | The Bilestoad (1983 Datamost) DISK


Game compilation - Labyrinth (1982 Broderbund) - retains original title page | Shuttle Intercept (1982 Hayden Software) DISK


Game compilation - Tunnel Terror (1982 Magna Soft) - uncorrupted title page | BezOff (1982 Bez) | Bellhop (1982 Hayden Book Company) - clean crack | Zargs (1983 MicroData International) DISK


Game compilation - City of Sumer (1980 Crystalware) | H.E.R.O. (1984 Activision) - The Syndicate crack | Pitstop II (1984 Epyx) - The Cloak / Black Bag crack DISK


SoftWare House Apple Barrel II (1981) - "The Money Barrel from CDS" - assortment of around 20 programs - financial, mathematical, etc. DISK


J&S Software Science Education Collection (ca. 1981) -  Rare set of 10 original disks spanning the following topics  - momentum, work and energy, circular motion, Newton's Laws, acceleration, uniform motion, chemical equations, equilibrium, bonding, locomotion, digestion, endocrine, biochemistry, excretion, nervous, animal reproduction, respiration, genetics, transport, classification DISKS (10 disks - ZIP archive)


 Apple II educational titles published by J&S Software of Port Washington, N.Y.


SRA Computer Drill and Instruction: Mathematics (1981) -  Demonstration  DISK


Versa Computing Anatomy I (1982) DISK



Hayden Software Shapes in Color (1982) DISK  (manual available HERE)


Computer Cognition BASIC Tutorial (1982) - "BASIC for Beginners" DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Logo Computer Systems A.C.T. Kids Logo (1982) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Mrs Kennedy Educational Disk No 1 Maths (1982) DISK


Golden Delicious Software CIA (Confidential Information Advisors) (1982) - version with original graphical menu DISK


Cedric Green Scribe (1982) - spatial modelling and design evaluation system

 Program  > DISK      Demonstration DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


James Donald Pty Ltd Sandy's Text Editor Word Processor (ca. 1983) - version 1.7.7 IIe DISK


Turning Point Software Time is Money personal (1983) -  Demonstration disk  DISK


Batteries Included & Irata Press B/GRAPH v1.0 (1983) - graphing and statistical analysis package DISK


The Stack - Corrupt Computing Disk Muncher versions 1.0 thru 10.0 (1983-85) - cracked by Roger DISK


Micro Fun Dino Eggs (1983) - The Burglar / Midwest Pirates Guild crack - "master" copy with a first time boot message DISK  (original manual available HERE)

[see HERE for photos of the Midwest Pirates' Guild and Greg Schaefer (GBBS, ProTERM author) in Minneapolis, 2004]

1987 listing of GBBS Pro (Apple II) bulletin boards in the USA is HERE



ProTERM notes by Greg Schaefer — "not for circulation"


Sir-Tech Software Police Artist (1983) - original title page version DISK


Bally Midway Spy Hunter (1983) - file version crack DISK  (original manual & SEGA-Bally Midway catalog available HERE)


Stephen Harrison Trivial Challenge - based on the board game "Trivial Pursuit" DISK


Hayden Software Sargon III (1983) - Backed up with Snapshot system - retains original title page - works on Apple ][+, //e, //c DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Datamost Super Bunny (1983) - Dr Micro and The Freeze crack DISK


Datamost Ardy the Aardvark (1983) - Dr DOS crack DISK


Epyx Jumpman (1983) - Darth Vader crack DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Sirius Software Wavy Navy (1983) - Backed up with Snapshot system - works on Apple ][+, //e, //c DISK


  Atari Dig Dug (1983) - Backed up with Wildcard from original disk - works on Apple ][+, unenhanced //e DISK





Broderbund Championship Lode Runner (1983-84) - Backed up with Wildcard DISK


Broderbund Championship Lode Runner (1983-84) - Conan crack DISK


Random House Peanuts Maze Marathon (1984) - cracked as per Computist issue 89 DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Mindscape Tonk in the Land of Buddy-Bots (1984) - cracked as per Computist issue 33 DISK


Boomerang Software E.T. Comes Back (1984) DISK


Paul Mak Zytro War - Steve Ho version DISK


Albert Lesiak & The Software Bandito King Tut's Revenge - cleaner title page version DISK


James Chan Wing Chung Cartoon Show - animated hi-res graphics slideshow  -  DISK


Activision Ghostbusters (1984) - DOS 3.3 voice & music demo only - type 'RUN SOUND DEMO#1' to start  (works on Apple ][+, IIGS, unenhanced //e) DISK


  Activision Pitfall II (1984) - Backed up with Snapshot system - works on Apple ][+, //e, //c DISK


Epyx Impossible Mission (1984) - The Beta Pirate & Two Knives Tan crack  (distinct from other circulating versions - this one is distributed by 'The Wildcard') DISK


Earthware Computer Services Black Belt (1984) - The Tiger crack  - works on Apple ][+, //e, //c DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


● Chrono Warrior (ca. 1984) - Frizbizz & Billy Bummer crack  -  DISK


Activision Sampler Disk (1985) - previews of Ghostbusters, Mindshadow, Space Shuttle, The Designer's Pencil  -  DISK


Greg Hale & Ted Cohn Floppy (~1985) - The Dukes of Datastone crack (with instructions for level editor)  -  DISK


Epyx Temple of Apshai Trilogy (1985) - clean crack  -  DISK


Epyx Winter Games (1985) - DEFCON 4 crack  -  DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Mindscape Forbidden Castle (1985) - clean crack  -  DISK


Accolade HardBall! (1985) - Star-Fire crack  -  DISK


Accolade The Dam Busters (1985) - Star-Fire & Hagar The Horrible crack  -  DISK


Thirdware Computer Products FingerPrint Plus VDAP (1985) - testing and slide-show program (FingerPrint manual available HERE) DISK


Al Rogers, Greg Butler & Paul Lutus FrEdWriter v3.1 (1985) - Australian edition of 'Free Education Writer' DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


SuccessAbility Software Counting - teaches simple number skills (Australian software)  -  DISK


Apple Computer Apple Presents Instant Pascal (1985) - mouse version DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Apple Computer Apple II System Utilities for UniDisk 3.5 (1985) - multilingual version (English, French, German, Italian) DISK (800K)


Sensible Software Sensible Grammar (1985) - ProDOS version 1.0A DISK (800K)



PBI Software Jeeves (1985) - memory-resident ProDOS desk accessories - version 1.00 for enhanced Apple IIe (with mouse card) and IIc DISK


Ahware MousePrint (1984) - extends print capabilities of MousePaint - version for Apple DMP & Grappler+ (MouseFont demo on Side B) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Ahware MouseFont (1985) - 12 new typefaces plus font and icon editor for MousePaint DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Dark Star Systems MousePrintz (1985) - adds new screen-editing features to MousePaint and makes it compatible with any printer DISK


Dark Star Systems Snapshot Shuttle v9.0D (1985) - multitasking system for Apple II+ & IIe with "Snapshot IIe" card  (see also v11.0) DISK  (manual available HERE)

Snapshot Shuttle - InfoWorld excerpt March 3, 1986    Snapshot Shuttle v11.0 menu




Alan Tam Featured Songs - Mockingboard Music Disk #5 - Alan Tam pop songs from Hong Kong with slideshow DISK


Applied Engineering DOS Utilities - version 1.0 for RamFactor card DISK


MicroSPARC UniDOS 3.3 Plus (1986) - DOS 3.3 modified to work with Apple UniDisk 3.5" and Apple 3.5" drives DISK (800K)



Central Point Software Copy ][ Plus 6.0 (1986) - DOS 3.3 version (possibly a customized Copy II+ 5.0 with updated parameters - all other circulating images of v6.0 I've seen are ProDOS) DISK


Channelmark Corporation Grid Designer (1986) - cracked as per Computist issue 52 DISK 1   DISK 2



Apple Mouse Desk 2.0 (1986) - version Z1-1.0 (English) DISK (800K)



On Three The Graphics Manager (1986) - for Apple IIe and above DISK


John Wrenholt & Big Red Computer Club Print Shop Lovers' Utility Set v2.1 (1986) - ten Print Shop related utilities DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Tom Phelps Print Shop Graphics Viewer (1986) - viewing utility plus bonus animal clip-art DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Graphics for The Print Shop - Apple themed (IIc, Mac Plus), Soviet flags, maritime ships, animals etc. DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Springboard Certificate Maker (1986) - Gelignite Jack crack DISKS (8 disks - ZIP archive)  (manual available HERE)


Baudville Award Maker Plus (1987) - softdocs included on disk DISK (800K)


Baudville 816/Paint (1987) - The Apple Odessa crack DISK


Ashton Scholastic Graphics Bank (1987) - library with over 200 pictures of Australian history and wildlife for 64K Apple II+ and above DISKS (8 disks - ZIP archive)


Roger Wagner Publishing MouseWrite (1987) - version 2.6.8b for Apple IIc, IIGS, enhanced IIe DISK (800K)


Kyocera Unison PrintMaster Plus (1987) - Gelignite Jack crack DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Dark Star Systems Snapshot Printerrupt v11.0 (1987) - printer screen dump utility for the "Snapshot IIe" card DISK

  Snapshot Printerrupt v11.0 menu


  Pinpoint Publishing Pinpoint Document Checker v1.0 (1986) - standalone spell checker for AppleWorks, Apple Writer and text files DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Pinpoint Publishing Pinpoint Spelling Checker v2.0.1 (1986) - these are regular DSK images (ProDOS) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Pinpoint Publishing Pinpoint Desktop Accessories (1987) - version 2.0.2 for Apple IIc, enhanced IIe and revised for IIGS - these are regular DSK images, not the nibble images found elsewhere DISK 1   DISK 2



Rainbird Starglider (1986) - KCAT crack DISK


Epyx Street Sports Baseball (1987) - clean crack - for 128K Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISK


Interplay Productions Neuromancer (1988) - The Apple Odessa crack DISK (800K)


Data East RoboCop (1988) - The Apple Odessa crack - for 128K Apple //e, //c, IIGS DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Logix Innovations Disk Disintegrater Deluxe v4.2 (1988) - imported by The Apple Odessa DISK


Capstone Trump Castle (1988) - cracked by Hans - for enhanced Apple //e and above DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


● ZBasic v4.2 (64K & 128K ProDOS) & v3.2 (128K DOS 3.3) (1985-88 Zedcor) | The Beagle Compiler v1.0 (1986 Beagle Bros) - compiled 1990-91 by cvxmelody DISK (800K)


Timeworks Design Ideas (1988) DISK (800K)



Berkeley Softworks geoPublish v2.1 (1988) DISKS (800K) (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Bank Street College of Education Wordbench - official 3.5" disk version (1988) DISK 1   DISK 2 (800K)


Techware Tutor-Tech v2.3 (1988) - Teacher, Grader, Student systems | Merlin-Pro v2.34 (by Glen Bredon) DISK (800K)


Big Red Computer Club Labels, Labels, Labels (1988) - version 1.6 DISK


My Software Company MyLabelMaker (1988) - version 1.1 DISK


Scholastic Slide Shop (1988) - version 1.2 for 128K Apple - cracked as per Computist issue 77 DISK (800K)



Prometheus Products ProCom-A (1988) - communications and word processing for Apple ][+, //e, //c, IIGS DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Claris AppleWorks 2.0 (1988) - version sold by Claris from 1988 (as distinct from the original 1986 Apple release) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Techware Tutor-Tech v2.6 (1989) -  Demonstration disk  DISK


Beagle Bros BeagleWrite v3.2 (1989) - 8-bit version DISK (800K)


Applied Engineering AW 2 Expander v3.2 (1989) - AE RAM card diagnostics & patcher for AppleWorks 2.x (also enables AW 1.2—2.1 to run on ][+) -  DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Teachers' Idea & Information Exchange StoryWorks v1.0 (1989) - use AppleWorks to create stacks with menus, hypertext and sound effects DISK


Copiers compilation Wizard Duplicator (cracked 1989 by Chuckles) - E.D.D. III | Nibbles Away II-C3 | Copy II+ 6.0 Bitcopy | Super Bitcopy | Quick Disk Copy | E.D.D. 2.1 | Back-It-Up III & II | Echo 1.0 | Disk Muncher 5.0 | Crazy Copy -  DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Beagle Bros Outliner v1.1 for AppleWorks 3.0 (1990) - boots to AW 3.0 Patcher v1.5, quit to BASIC.SYSTEM for Outliner installer DISK (800K)


Q-Labs SuperPatch 6.1 (1990) - customizing utility for AppleWorks 2.x and 3.0 DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Q Labs RepairWorks v3.2A (1990) DISKS (2 disks - ZIP archive)



Schoolware The Riddle of the Trumpalar (1990) - by NSW Department of School Education DISKS (4 disks - ZIP archive)


Broderbund The New Print Shop (1990) - features automated hard disk installer DISKS (7 disks - ZIP archive)

  1987 Broderbund letter to cvxmelody re: The Print Shop


Hi Tech Expressions Beetlejuice Print Kit (1990) DISK 1   DISK 2


Hi Tech Expressions Jetsons and Flintstones Print Kit (1990) DISK 1   DISK 2


Timeworks Publish It! 3 (1990) DISKS (800K) (2 disks - ZIP archive)


Timeworks Publish It! 4 (1991) DISK (800K)


Wings for learning Field Trip to the Rainforest (1991) DISKS (3 disks - ZIP archive)


Satchel Software Gallipoli (1991) - AppleWorks database of Australian service personnel at Gallipoli (World War I) DISKS (3 disks - ZIP archive)


Chan Wilson A2FX v0.8 Beta (1991) - "Apple II File Exchange" - transfers files from Mac HFS disks to ProDOS - for enhanced //e and above DISK


Douglas E. Mitton UniDisk 3.5" driver (1991) - ProDOS driver to permit use of UniDisk 3.5" on the original Apple IIc (without UniDisk ROM) - from May 1991 A2-Central On Disk DISK



Nibble Magazine Mouse Clock (1991) - ProDOS clock driver that keeps accurate time using mouse interrupts - for Apple //c, IIGS or mouse equipped IIe DISK

  1988 invoice from Nibble

Claris AppleWorks 3.0 startup disk (1989/1991) - patched with Mouse Clock (ProDOS clock driver) DISK



● The Phasor music software v1.1.0 (1986 Applied Engineering) | Visualizer //e v1.2 (1987 PBI Software) | RepairWorks v3.3 (1991 Q Labs) - compiled 1991 by cvxmelody DISK (800K)


Kitchen Sink Software AccuDraw v1.1 (1992) - powerful Computer Aided Design (CAD) package -  Demo disk  DISK (800K)


 Apple IIGS Disk Images 


VIP Technologies VIP Professional GS (1986) - version 1A International DISK (800K)


Version Soft GS/Paint (1986) - version 1.0 English (I'm making this available as I've only seen the French version offered elsewhere) DISK (800K)


Electronic Arts Music Construction Set GS (1986) -  Dealer demo disk  (works fine on real GS but music may be garbled in emulators) DISK (800K)


Electronic Arts Deluxe Paint II v2.0 (1987) - with Startpic DISK (800K)


COMPUTE!'s Apple IIGS Machine Language for Beginners (1987) - disk included with the book (programs run from Finder) DISK (800K)


Activision Shanghai (1987) - "Stephen W" crack DISK (800K)


Artworx Strip Poker II (1987) - French United Crackers Klan crack DISK (800K)


Apple Computer The Apple IIGS Demonstration Sampler v1.2 (1987) DISKS (800K) (4 disks - ZIP archive)



Apple Computer Apple IIgs Diagnostic v2.1 (1988) DISK (140K)


Diversified Software Research Diversi-Tune (1988) - version 1.0 (I hear sound through the Sonic Blaster but not the internal GS speaker - v1.1 doesn't have this issue) DISK (800K)


Pyware Music Writer (1988) - version 1.4.2 Special Edition (6 staves) DISK (800K)


John Wrenholt Print Shop Lovers' Utility Set IIGS v1.02 (1988)  (see also v3.00) - also on the disk:  As The Link Turns I: Operation Bug | As The Link Turns II: Return of Woz | GSDaleks | Applesoft BASIC CDA v1.1 | Cut Paste CDA | Marvin the Paranoid CDA | Password CDA | Print Text Screen CDA v2.0 | Quickport CDA  DISK (800K)


Roger Wagner Publishing SoftSwitch (1988) - version 8.8 DISK (800K)


So What Software Iconix GS (1988) -  Demo disk  DISK (800K)  (program disk already available HERE)



Arcadia AAARGH! (1988) - Club 96 crack DISK (800K)



Spectrum HoloByte Tetris (1988) - genuine Apple IIGS / IIc+ dual version DISK (800K)  (manual available HERE)


LYNX Computer Products Supergraphix 256 (1989) - adds 36 new Super Hi-res graphics and 6 music commands to Applesoft DISK (800K)


Free Tools Association Nucleus (1989) - partial soundtrack only of this legendary demo as played back on (i) Apple IIGS with Sonic Blaster and (ii) ActiveGS emulator FLAC audio [35MB ZIP archive]


French United Crackers Klan Pictures 3200 Vol. 1 (1990) - 3200 colour graphics slideshow (converted from Amiga & IBM) DISK (800K)


Vitesse Salvation: Guardian v1.03 (1990) - disk backup & restore system DISK (800K)


● Desktop Utilities 3.0 (by Robert Mueller & Tony Morton, 1991) (version 4.0 beta available HERE) | Cribbage GS (by Jim Sepanik, ca. 1991) | Dr Mario (by Blue Adept/USAlliance, 1991) - programs run or install from Finder DISK (800K)


Sequential Systems RAM GS Diagnostic Test Diskette rev 1.4 (1991) DISK (800K)


Digital Youth Alliance Exhibit A (1991) - 3200 colour graphics slideshow demo DISK (800K)


David Chrislip & Kenrick Mock George Bush Demo (1991) - parody of President George Bush (runs from Finder) DISK (800K)



Joe Kohn & Shareware Solutions Way Cool GS (1991) - companion to January 1992 inCider article on how to customize the Apple IIGS (includes Solitaire, PacMan, Beyond, ErrorCodes, Quit-To, InitMaster, Icon Ed, Start Logo, Custom GSOS, Showpic etc.) DISK (800K)


Office aids etc. - 1991 compilation - Address Manager v2.0e | Cassette Labeler | Graph Paper Maker | GSXEdit v1.0 | Mouse Label v1.1 | Nexus | NoteBook I | OnTime | Scheduler | Speed Read | Texter v1.1 | The Tape Insert Filer/Printer DISK (800K) 


WestCode Software Pointless 2.0.1 (1992) DISK (800K)



MOD files collection - compiled 1992-93 by cvxmelody and others DISKS (800K) (5 disks - ZIP archive)



MOD music players etc. - NoiseTracker v1.0 (1991-92 FTA) | soniqTracker v0.6.3 (by Tim Meekins, 1993) | SoundSmith v1.01 (by Huibert Aalbers, 1990) | MODZap v0.81 (by Ian Schmidt, 1992) | ShellPlay v0.5 (by Brian C. Bening, ca. 1993) - disk boots to NoiseTracker DISK (800K)



One World Software Wizards Noise Tracker GS v1.30 (1993) DISK (800K)


Freeware & shareware - compiled 1992-93 by cvxmelody - AniShow | Antetris | ColorTerm v3.5 | Cosmocade v1.1 | Cyber War! | GenericTerm v3.1 | GIF 3200 v0.20 | GIFview | GS-ShrinkIt v1.1 | MegaTERM v1.1 | MultiView v1.0 | PMPUnzip v1.02 | QWK-GS v1.06 | ResLin d0.33 (see also v0.48) | TransProg Start v1.01 DISKS (800K) (4 disks - ZIP archive)


Shane Richards Spy Hunter GS (1993) - version with music DISK (800K)



● The Lower Planes Demo (by Prince Slime, 1993) | Instant Access v1.0 (by Ian Brumby, 1993) - disk boots to demo (looks best on real GS), Instant Access runs from Finder (see also v3.0) DISK (800K)


Ewen Wannop & Seven Hills Software Spectrum 1.0 (1993) - telecommunications program (runs from Finder)  (see also v2.5.4) DISK (800K)

^ 2016-12-26 (last revised)

 Broderbund Airheart (1986) 

A milestone in the annals of Apple II gaming

 Apple II original manual, box, and disk scans in COLOUR 


A perilous sea is the setting for this arcade-style rescue game featuring double hi-res, 3-D color graphics more dazzling than any you've seen before.

Designed by Dan Gorlin, creator of the best-selling Choplifter!, AIRHEART offers you the challenge of rescuing a sleeping prince from a watery world and restoring him to his rightful place of honor.


Full 16-color double hi-res graphics

Fast, realistic 3-D animation

Challenging play.  This is one game you won't master too easily.


  High quality colour scans of my original Airheart manual, box, and diskette



This supersedes my earlier greyscale scan of the manual which is still available HERE and includes an extra review of the game from Apple User magazine

^ 2016-03-21

 Epyx Street Sports Soccer (1988) 

 Apple IIGS original manual, box, and disk scans 


In Street Sports Soccer, you're captain of your own rowdy bunch.  Choose the best on the block and show 'em what you've got.  Shove. Pass. Dribble. Trip.  Real life, fast-action fun.


  High quality colour scans of my original Street Sports Soccer manual, box, and diskette



^ 2016-03-23

 Apple Computer Apple Presents Spotlight (1982) 

 Apple II original manual and disk scans (rarity!) 


A compilation of 4 children's games: Reflect, Spotlight, Hot Stuff, Boxed In


  High quality colour scans of my original Apple Presents Spotlight manual and diskette



  Download "Spotlight" disk image (backed up with Wildcard system)





Wildcard installed in slot 7 of my Pravetz 8M (Apple II Europlus clone)



Creating a 64K auto-booting backup of "Spotlight" (one of four games from the original "Apple Presents Spotlight" disk)


^ 2016-03-28 (last revised 2016-05-13)

 Apple II original software box collection 

 30 software boxes & contents scanned for your pure indulgence !! 


You'll find all of the following:

4th & Inches GS
Apple Writer II version 2.0
Car Builder
Death Sword
Destroyer GS
Dream Zone GS
Grand Prix Circuit GS
Impossible Mission II
Jack Nicklaus' Greatest 18 Holes of Major Championship Golf (GS)
King's Quest III GS
Mancala GS
Music Construction Set GS
Paintworks Gold GS
Silicon Dreams
Skate or Die GS
Solitaire Royale GS
The Bard's Tale GS
The Games Winter Edition
The Music Studio 2.0 GS
The Print Shop GS
Vegas Craps GS
Warlock GS
Where in the USA is Carmen Sandiego? (GS)
Winter Games GS
Xenocide GS

Disks only - ProTERM 3, The Graphic Exchange, TransProg III, Tetris, HardBall



  Apple II original software box collection by cvxmelody  [121MB ZIP archive of PDF files]



The Graphic Exchange manual cover & Roger Wagner Product Catalog now available HERE

^ 2016-05-25

Will Harvey's Zany Golf (1988) & The Immortal (1990)

From the stable of Electronic Arts came two of the most iconic games for the Apple IIGS

 Original boxes & contents 




  Colour scans of original boxed Zany Golf & The Immortal  [10MB ZIP archive of PDF files]



^ 2016-07-25

Assorted Tidbits



Warranty stub for Applied Engineering TransWarp II accelerator card purchased on 21 March 1990 for my Apple //e from Nemo Computer Systems of Western Australia

It had a serial number of S089.  I sold it off a few years later (along with the //e), and this warranty card is all that remains. The distinguishing feature of the TransWarp II was its built-in non-volatile control panel allowing easy customization of accelerator settings.  The card was clocked at 7MHz (versus 1MHz stock speed of the //e).  Joystick compatibility was improved over the earlier TransWarp with a configurable joystick delay.

Though not documented in the user's manual, the speed could also be controlled through software by writing a 0 or 1 to memory location $C074, same as in the original TransWarp, i.e. POKE 49268,1 (for 1MHz) & POKE 49268,0 (for fast speed)


TransWarp II ad - I scanned this from the January 1990 issue of inCider/A+

UPDATE: I found a photo of a TransWarp II with marking "5089" on the back - see HERE - so "S089" might not have been an actual serial number, but some batch/revision number.  I must have checked the original box and manual for anything vaguely resembling a S/N, before settling on "S089" as the only (apparently) unique identifier.  "5089" could plausibly refer to a manufacturing date of the 50th week of 1989 (?).


Some sales materials Applied Engineering sent me 1987-88 - product catalogs & "Inside AE" bulletins (TransWarp GS, Sonic Blaster, PC Transporter etc.)

  'Inside AE' - October 1988  'Inside AE' - November 1988

 Download PDF version


Above: Invoice for 8MHz Zip Chip purchased from Nemo Computer Systems on 16 Feb 1990 for my sister's Apple //c

Below: Zip Chip passed diagnostic test with flying colours in September 2015


 ☹ R.I.P.☹ 

Apple //c monochrome monitor depicted shortly after giving up the ghost



Back in 1992, I ordered a new Zip GSX accelerator card for my Apple IIGS.  Its top speed was 8MHz, yet it came with a 10MHz-rated 65C816 CPU.  Not wishing to squander the potential, I asked a technician friend to perform a simple modification, replacing the stock crystal oscillator with a faster one, which boosted the speed of the card to 10.50MHz.  The system proved to be absolutely stable and I was more than satisfied.  The IIGS was subsequently retired in 1996 but in August 2015 I attempted to resurrect it for old time's sake.  The Zip GSX was found to be still in perfect working order after all those years.



^ 2015-11-09 (last revised 2016-11-07)

 A+ Magazine (April 1989) 

 Reviews of TransWarp GS, "Classic" TransWarp, Zip Chip, RocketChip 


SPEED UP!  New Products Meet the Need for Speed

Scans of cover story devoted to the following Apple II accelerator products:

TransWarp GS by Applied Engineering

"Classic" TransWarp by Applied Engineering

Zip Chip by Zip Technologies

RocketChip by Bits & Pieces Technologies

With comparative benchmark test results


  High quality colour scans of Apple II accelerators cover story from A+ April 1989



^ 2016-05-01

 Call-A.P.P.L.E. (October 1985) 

 Cover story on "Mach 3.5" accelerator (M-c-T SpeeDemon) 


Flying the Apple II at Mach 3.5

Mach 3.5 accelerator benchmarks by Dr David A. Lingwood

^ 2016-10-11

 My own benchmarks of TransWarp, Zip Chip, Zip GSX & Laser 128EX 

All testing done with Speed Tester v1.0 (available HERE)

Manually timed with stopwatch, rounded down to nearest second

Benchmarks generated by Speed Tester are relative to a 1MHz Apple //e

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Apple //c — Zip Chip 8000 @ 1MHz (ESC key pressed at startup)
Apple //c — Zip Chip 8000 @ 8MHz
Apple IIGS ROM01 — Zip GSX 32K cache @ 10.50MHz
Enhanced Apple //e clone — TransWarp @ 3.6MHz




Apple //c — Zip Chip 8000 @ 1.36MHz (i.e. 17% of max. speed set via Zip Chip Utilities - the lowest configurable speed short of disabling acceleration completely)
Apple IIGS ROM01 @ 2.8MHz — Zip GSX disabled
Laser 128EX @ 2.3MHz ('2' key pressed at startup)
Laser 128EX @ 3.6MHz ('3' key pressed at startup)

Incompatible with Laser 128EX (ROM v4.2) @ 3.6MHz

^ 2016-10-10 (last revised 2016-12-16)


Others ??  TransWarp GS, TransWarp II, Tecnowarp, RocketChip I & II, Zip Chip 4000, SpeeDemon (Mach 3.5), Saturn/Titan Accelerator, Apple IIc Plus, Apple III, Mac Apple IIe Card, etc...

Add your own results below:

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 TransWarp 3.6MHz vs 1MHz showdown 


FAST vs NORMAL speedside by side comparison on Apple IIe




Donkey Kong
FASTDATA Pro — keyword search of 1.5MB TXT file
Nikrom Master Diagnostics //e — 80 column test
Animate Show Disk (3.6MHz only)
TransWarp startup self-diagnostic test



 Testbed: Apple IIe enhanced clone | TransWarp @ 3.6MHz

Only relevant to FASTDATA Pro: Apple II SCSI Card (Rev C ROM) & ITEAD Studio SCSI2SD V5.0a

^ 2016-11-20

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Testing out the Apple //c PAL colour modulator A2M4023

For some months, I had been on the lookout for an Apple //c A2M4023 PAL colour modulator. This elusive device attaches to the back of any PAL //c (e.g. those sold in Australia and Europe), providing colour composite & RF outputs.  As luck would have it - on 12 Nov 2015 - I spotted an ad on Gumtree (Perth) for a complete Apple //c system, modulator included!  Since I wanted a replacement //c monitor anyway (after my sister's one blew up), and the price was reasonable, I went ahead and purchased the lot.  Photo of the "haul" taken on the day of purchase after it was brought home:-


As you can see, a functioning //c with green screen, comprehensive set of Apple manuals and disks, Apple beige joystick, two platinum mice, and an Apple 5.25" Drive to boot.  (After this photo was taken, I discovered tucked inside other manuals the "Setting Up Your Apple //c" guide, Apple joystick instructions, and even an unused sheet of rainbow-coloured Apple stickers.  The mice turned out to be the same model - Mac Mouse M0100 platinum part # 590-0055A, which aren't //c compatible but should work fine on a ][, ][+ or //e with mouse card.  However, my sister's //c was already equipped with a mouse - model A2M4015Z)

This is not 100% identical to the UniDisk 5.25" but the distinction is only critical for the Macintosh LC Apple IIe card which is compatible solely with the Apple 5.25" Drive


Back of the "new" Apple //c monochrome monitor (240V Hitachi model) and close-ups of the PAL Modulator/Adapter A2M4023


I hooked the colour composite output of the PAL Modulator to my old Commodore 1084S monitor (Amiga RGB and PAL-only colour composite display).  Booted up the //c to be greeted by beautiful colour!  Some screenshots:-










The Commodore 1084S monitor also has a "green" switch to take care of any hankering for old-school monochrome:-



 Side-by-side comparison of the Apple IIe IIc joystick platinum and beige models


I clearly remember how Myer department stores used to sell the Apple joystick for A$99.99 - at a time when they also carried the Apple //c - which in fact was quite heavily promoted by them e.g. around Christmas 1985, Myer published a huge multi-page lift-out devoted exclusively to the //c in Australian newspapers.  It was coloured red like a Christmas stocking.


Apple IIc released (June 1984 Electronics Australia)


^ 2015-11-12 (last revised 2017-01-06)

Vintage Apple //c carry bag


^ 2016-10-04

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

VGA Adapter for PAL & NTSC Apple //c  (from

Very satisfying first test of Apple IIc VGA adapter - newly arrived 19 January 2016 - on a PAL Apple IIc & ViewSonic LCD monitor (VS12319).  (See further down for samples from an NEC MultiSync CRT monitor)


Apple //c VGA Adapter - first impressions


Impossible Mission II given the VGA makeover




F-15 Strike Eagle screenshots.  A small push-button at the front of the adapter lets you cycle between the available display modes, to suit any taste.  You have a choice of regular color ; NTSC color ; shade of green ; monochrome white / green / amber, plus optional scanline emulation (resembling a CRT monitor).





And for comparison, an Apple IIGS screenshot (AppleColor RGB Monitor)




LCD monitor's on-screen display showing VGA resolution of "640 x 400"  [NB: resolution of the Apple IIc VGA adapter is actually 720 x 480, but not all monitors report this accurately]


   This revision of the adapter works equally well on an NTSC Apple //c (although I couldn't test this) as it is auto-sensing and adapts to whichever type of //c you have.  From the official description:-


VGA screenshots from The Last Ninja, Randamn and Times of Lore on a PAL Apple //c





 Razor sharp text, here shown in colour, green, and amber modes





    BELOW: Comparative test of the Apple //c VGA adapter on an NEC MultiSync V721 VGA 17" monitor (CRT).  Overall, I found it superior to the ViewSonic LCD - not surprisingly with the NEC being a "true" VGA monitor, i.e. support for native resolution and refresh rate, so absolutely no pixel scaling issues or flicker.


ABOVE: Mr Robot title screen in colour, with & without scanlines

BELOW: Mr Robot in colour & shade of green



pfs:Write 80 column text sample (with scanlines)

^ 2016-01-19 (last revised 2016-08-18)

Microsoft Olympic Decathlon - Apple II original (box / disk / manual)

Wow look what we have here!  Olympic Decathlon is the first ever program I saw running on an Apple II and its theme song the first ever sound I heard emanating from an Apple speaker.  I had never encountered a computer before and my initial thought was - what the heck is that??

Out of curiosity (mostly), I searched for it on eBay in November 2015 and to my surprise, an original boxed version was just sitting there waiting to be snapped up.  I answered its beckoning call and it was safely delivered to my hands today!  Feeling complete now :-)




 Apple II games reviewed in July 1982 Australian Personal Computer - Firebird, Olympic Decathlon, Epoch, International Grand Prix, Fly Wars, Jellyfish, Star Blazer, ABM 

^ 2015-12-03 (last revised 2016-10-28)

Colossus Chess 4.0 (1985) & Battle Chess Apple IIGS (1989)



Trinity ~ Zork Zero ~ Beyond Zork


Jeopardy! 25th Anniversary Edition & Empire 'Wargame of The Century'

[Empire Apple II Command Reference Card now available HERE]


Wheel of Fortune New 3rd Edition


The Ancient Art of War

[The Ancient Art of War Quick Reference Card now available HERE]


Math and Me & Designasaurus Apple IIGS



Out of this World Apple IIGS


  High quality colour scans of my original Out of this World box and disks



  I acquired this mint Apple IIGS version of "Out of this World" from eBay (where else? — original listing of December 2016 HERE) - luck certainly played its part as original copies of this game are scarce. OOTW is one of few games I actually played right through to the end (lol), back in 1993.



The Dark Heart of Uukrul & Pirates! Apple IIGS

^ 2016-08-19 (last revised 2017-01-03)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

 Testing a new Mockingboard-K sound card (from Korea) on Apple IIGS 

^ 2015-11-05

 Lancaster (1983 Apple II game) with Mockingboard music on Apple IIGS 

I acquired the sealed original Lancaster (Mockingboard support version) from eBay at not inconsiderable expense, and it happily arrived just in time for Christmas!  This 1983 arcade game by Will Harvey boasts fluid animation and entertaining gameplay.  At first, I couldn't get it working on my Apple IIGS equipped with Mockingboard-K - it would hang at the splashscreen.  But I found that by pre-booting ProDOS 8 v.2.0.1, then inserting the game disk and rebooting with CTRL-APPLE-RESET fixed the problem.  Incidentally this technique also prevents side 2 of Willy Byte from stalling on a GS with Mockingboard.



Lancaster Apple II original sealed box, diskette & documentation


^ 2015-12-23

 Testing a new Mockingboard v1a (ReActiveMicro) with speech chip on Apple IIe 


The Mockingboard v1a from UltimateMicro is a clone of the Sweet Micro Systems "Mockingboard A" - with its two AY-3-8913 chips giving six audio channels and two open sockets for the (hard to source) SSI-263 speech chips.  Since I wanted the full Mockingboard sound/speech experience for my //e, and the speech chip happened to be in stock, I seized the initiative and placed an order in January 2016!



The Mockingboard v1a, shown before and after installation of a single speech chip (I was provided with a 78A263A which is identical to the SSI-263) - effectively turning it into a "Mockingboard C" (six audio channels + speech).  Audio is output through a stereo jack and there is even a provision for the Apple speaker sounds to be fed externally using the supplied motherboard lead.


"Mockingboard" from Sweet Micro Systems (1983) - spot the family resemblance?

 [photo courtesy of eBay]



The official Sweet Micro Systems Mockingboard sound/speech demo disk

Hear the Mockingboard v1a talk and sing (direct recording to line-in of an Edirol R-09HR)



Fond recollections of the Hong Kong Mockingboard...

[Scan courtesy of Johnson Lam — ]

My very first Mockingboard - similar to the "Pro-Mockingboard" depicted in the above brochure - was procured on a jaunt to Hong Kong's Golden Computer Arcade.  The shop - which may have been located on the Arcade's middle floor - had several variants on display in a glass cabinet and I opted for the one with audio and speech capabilities.  It had a mini jack & RCA sockets for stereo output and on-board pots for volume adjustment and came supplied with photocopied instructions.  It provided 15 channels (even more than Applied Engineering's Phasor, although some of them may have been reserved for percussive effects), but exploiting that potential would have required special software which I never had.  It was indeed fully "Mockingboard C" compatible (6 channels + speech) and gave me many hours of pleasure but regrettably, I sold it off in the early 1990s with my //e system of the time... (well I needed funds for other upgrades!)

^ 2016-02-02 (last revised 2016-12-24)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Enhanced Apple //e system with mind-boggling software collection

I am indebted to Mr H. of the Eastern States of Australia for agreeing to furnish me with his treasured Apple IIe system and an all-encompassing software collection, many magazines, manuals, original boxes, peripheral cards...  on the morning of Christmas Eve (2015), I joyfully took delivery of the entire collection (shipped in 14 large boxes) and eagerly set to work unpacking and configuring the system.

Here are photos of the "finished" setup, taken on the evening of 24 December.  The Apple Dot Matrix Printer, KoalaPad, Kaga RGB vision-II monitor, UniDisk 3.5", 2 x Disk II 5.25" drives, Anko joystick, platinum //e mouse (A2M2070), and system fan were all included as part of the package.  Also a spare mouse (A2M4015Z) not depicted here.  (I added a 4-way 9-pin serial switchbox to permit easy switching of multiple joysticks)


                  Anko Joystick - from the makers of Kraft 



Apple IIe ad (Feb 1983 BYTE)   Apple IIe review (Feb 1983 BYTE)   Apple IIe released (April 1983 Electronics Australia)

Apple IIe 1984 brochure (cover)

  NB: The 'e' in Apple IIe stands for 'enhanced' (in relation to the Apple II Plus) - don't confuse this with the "Enhanced Apple IIe" introduced in 1985 (with new ROMs & 65C02 CPU akin to the Apple IIc).  The BYTE review (Feb 1983) above-centre refers to the early Revision A Apple IIe, which was replaced just a few months later by Revision B (adding support for double hi-res colour graphics).  Apple offered the A-B upgrade for free, but charged for the enhanced upgrade in the form of the dealer-installed "Apple IIe Enhancement Kit".  All Apple IIe's produced from March 1985 onwards came enhanced as standard, including of course the Platinum IIe sold between 1987-1993.  The IIe which I acquired from Mr H is a pre-1985 unit that was subsequently enhanced and has a "65C02" label over the keyboard power light.


Apple IIe 1984 brochure (excerpt)


Photos of Mr H's near-miraculous Apple II 5.25" floppy disk collection (with many originals).  It took 5 x stackable plastic twin drawers (obtained from Officeworks) to house them all.



Some of the manuals and books included with the collection (complete set of Apple IIe manuals and much more besides...)


[Apple Dot Matrix Printer User's Manual Part II: Guide to Apple II now available HERE - for Part I: Reference see HERE]


Original software boxes and manuals (plus binders with photocopied documentation) - much of what you see here was delivered as part of the collection






The Apple II Blue Book (2nd edition) & The Apple User's Encyclopedia



Also featured were this beautiful set of Apple II magazines - A+, inCider, Nibble, COMPUTE!'s Apple Applications, Apple User (UK), various user group publications (Applecations etc), plus photocopied manuals, etc.



The centrepiece of the collection - Apple //e (PAL model) with 65C02 & enhanced ROM upgrade


Rear views of the Apple //e showing ASTEC 230V power supply & underside with model/serial number



Interior view of Apple //e showing pre-installed cards

Slot 1 - FingerPrint Plus

Slot 2 - TimeMaster II H.O. clock card

Auxiliary slot - Digicard 64K extended 80 column RGB card for Apple //e

Slot 4 - Apple //e mouse card
Slot 5 - Unidisk 3.5" controller card
Slot 6 - Disk II interface card
Slot 7 - Apple Memory Expansion Card (1MB)



Disk II drives and Apple Dot Matrix Printer [220/240V model] (also a UniDisk 3.5" not depicted here)


[Apple Dot Matrix Printer User's Manual Part II: Guide to Apple II now available HERE - for Part I: Reference see HERE]


Apple Dot Matrix Printer Reference Card



Kaga RGB vision-II 12" colour monitor (by Taxan) [240V model] - rear connectors



Taxan advertisement RGB vision monitor (February 1984, inCider)


[Scan courtesy of Asimov FTP server ]


KoalaPad (Apple II 16-pin model)



I hope this KoalaPad doesn't feel lonesome as koalas aren't found in Perth... but there is a tiny marsupial cousin - the adorable "quokka" !! (I took these photos on Rottnest Island in September 2014)



TG Products Select-A-Port


Info on TG Products Select-A-Port - a nifty piece of kit for connecting multiple 16-pin Apple II gaming/joystick devices


Gaming paddles


Taxan 80 column & RGB card for the Apple IIe - original box with contents


[Manual available HERE]


PerfectData 5.25" disk drive head cleaning kit




Box containing spare peripheral cards - EDD Plus copy card, Auto Mouth Talk Card (S.A.M. / Software Automatic Mouth), Grappler+ printer interface etc.


Essential Data Duplicator (EDD) - a copy program for the Apple II - is the brainchild of Donald A. Schnapp, written whilst still in high school, and sold through his company Utilico Software (of Bondi Beach, Sydney), with international distribution being carried out from California.  Eventually he teamed up with Charles J. Rosenberg, an American teenager who had designed an auxiliary disk drive controller capable of reading raw bitstreams, and the result was the supremely powerful "EDD 4 Plus" (software + card combo).



The auxiliary slot of the Apple IIe came preconfigured with the Digicard Extended 80 column RGB card (manufactured by Maclagan Wright & Associates of Melbourne).  This is a really great piece of hardware.

Some pages from the Digicard manual describing its key features:



 "... Note that the switch under the front of the Apple now changes the Apple HI-RES modes between colour and monochrome" 


Digicard DIP switch settings - user-selectable colours for normal and inverse text in 40 & 80 columns


Here is what AppleWorks looks like on the Kaga RGB vision-II monitor with the Digicard configured to display text in dark blue.  As you can see, 80 column text is very crisp and usable:-



 For certain applications - e.g. those using double hi-res colour - menus and graphical text are barely readable (but this is no different to regular composite displays).  Screenshot of MultiScribe on the Kaga RGB vision-II monitor with Digicard in colour mode:-

But fear not!  Flip the rocker switch underneath the Apple //e keyboard, and the Digicard instantly converts to monochrome (560 x 192 double hi-res in this example) - now all the screen elements in MultiScribe are perfectly legible!


Double hi-res screenshots of Neuromancer on the Kaga RGB vision-II monitor with Digicard in colour mode:-



Close-ups of the Kaga RGB vision-II monitor (front) and the fingerpad of the FingerPrint Plus.  Pressing the fingerpad interrupts the running program, and up pops a menu with useful options (screen dump etc)



First tryout of Apple Dot Matrix Printer - Airheart screen dump made with FingerPrint Plus

[Manual for FingerPrint Plus available HERE]


Plastic transportation disk (for UniDisk 3.5" drive)



Mr H also collected information and articles on subjects which interested him, all meticulously indexed on his Apple //e






Mr H describes the database system in his own words (from user group newsletter of 1989)


  Mr H on his databases





Complementary items snagged during a Perth "garage sale"


KoalaPad in original box




Vintage Apple II carry bag





Apple co-founder Mike Markkula with his Apple II carry bag, showing correct use of top pocket for storing cassettes


230V Apple II Europlus power supply serial # A2M0030-007536




^ 2015-12-26 (last revised 2017-01-07)

Apple IIe Extended 80-Column Video Card (assembled in Australia)

Apple Computer part number A661-91097


Mr GC kindly permitted me to photograph this Apple IIe (pre-platinum PAL model) with an Australian made extended 80-column video card.  I don't think I've ever seen one of these before!  Rather unusually, it plugs into both the auxiliary slot and slot 3 (which line up directly in the PAL IIe).  The slot 3 connector is a mostly blank wafer with just a single "finger" making electrical contact inside the slot.  The card has an RCA composite output which yields a better picture on the AppleColor Composite Monitor than the standard PAL output jack of the motherboard.

[I found better photos HERE & HERE and an enlightening discussion HERE]


Apple II Europlus


Mr GC also had this gorgeous, mint condition Apple II Europlus

Apple II on cover of Electronics Australia (February 1979)


ComputerLand (Melbourne) Apple II Plus ad (above)  &  description of the Apple II Plus (below)

Both from my 1980 edition of "Electronics Australia - Microprocessors & Personal Computers"

(did they actually sell the NTSC Apple II Plus in Australia, during the very early days?)


    I found the definitive answer HERE - the "Eurapple" mod was standard in the early Australian Apple II Plus (i.e. PAL 50Hz B&W output via motherboard RCA jack), and PAL colour RF modulator card was an optional extra


Apple UCSD Pascal  &  C.E.D. Card Reader  —  ads by ComputerLand (Melbourne)

Electronics Australia - June & July 1980


Apple II advertisement

Electronics Australia - October 1981

Early Apple II reference manuals supplied by ComputerLand Australia

^ 2016-05-16 (last revised 2017-01-04)

AppleColor Composite Monitor specifications



Feedback card with Apple Computer Australia warranty insert



^ 2016-05-13 (last revised 2016-10-04)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

RamFactor 8M  (from


Praise the heavens!  This snazzy new RamFactor 8M landed in my hands on 18 July 2016.


RamFactor 8M raring to go in slot 7 of my enhanced Apple //e






With the addition of a small CR2032 battery, the memory contents of the RamFactor 8M are preserved even whilst the computer is powered off (just like AE's RamCharger)



TIP:  If you want to have multiple partitions on the RamFactor, they should be setup exclusively as storage partitions.  Because once the active partition is made bootable, you can no longer call up the Partition Manager to select a different partition (without wiping RAM).  So in practice, you have a choice between a single bootable partition OR one or more storage partitions (selectable via the Partition Manager — PR#n).  The computer can only see a single partition on the RamFactor at any given time.  There is nothing to stop you putting programs on a non-booting ("storage") partition, just the operating system will have to be loaded from someplace else (floppy or hard disk) in order to utilize them.


Various utilities can aid the tasks of backing up and restoring a RAM disk.  Taking an actual example from earlier years:

Infocom Shogun (5.25" ProDOS-based game) was copied in its entirety to a RAM disk.  Using ProSel 'BACKUP' this was imaged to a file on a 3.5" disk.  This 3.5" disk boots into ProSel 'RESTORE' which rapidly rebuilds the RAM disk.  (The ProSel-8 manual explains everything in detail)




I've used an Apple IIGS RAM disk of 1024K to illustrate the process but it's similar for a RamFactor or other slinky card which ProDOS recognizes automatically

 (For Apple IIe or IIc with auxiliary RAM expansion (e.g. RamWorks, Z-RAM) ProDOS won't configure a large RAM disk automatically - an additional driver is needed here)

 My old ProTERM 3.0 disk employed a different approach.  I had it setup with AE's Autocopy to automate copying the contents of the 3.5" disk to RAM. (But slightly modified so that holding down the Open-Apple key bypasses RAM copy)



Autocopy is an Applesoft program compatible with any ProDOS RAM disk (slinky or GS).  Some versions - like the one shown here - will also automatically create a large RAM disk for RamWorks/Z-RAM-type cards (using the bundled ProDrive driver).

^ 2016-07-18 (last revised 2016-07-22)

Apple IIe starring in the movie "Bliss" (1985 Sydney)


Apple IIe as 1980's drug of choice?

Surgeon General's Warning: Apple II is seriously addictive!


"American Genius - Jobs vs Gates" (2015 National Geographic)


Bill Gates at the University of Washington (February 2012 UWTV)

(I tuned into his talk from a hotel room in Seattle!)



Tributes flow to Steve Jobs

(personal photos - October 2011, Taipei)


      Guanghua Digital Plaza in Taipei

^ 2016-01-09 (last revised 2016-12-28)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Pravetz 8M - Apple II Europlus clone (Bulgaria) - Правец 8М

 ◊  Released circa 1985

◊  Apple II+ clone with 6502 CPU and integrated Z-80 SoftCard for running CP/M

◊  Integrated 16K Language Card (for 64K RAM total)

◊  Clone of Apple II Europlus PAL version (50Hz frame rate) - outputs B&W only - needs a PAL card in slot 7 ("PAL Encoder" or "Euro Color PAL-SECAM Card") to output in colour (alternatively hardware modification to motherboard to output NTSC color)

◊  Selectable Latin / Cyrillic character set (keyboard & text display)

◊  In theory, can accept any card that works with Apple ][+ except RAM cards with ribbon cables connecting to the motherboard 4116 DRAMs since the Pravetz uses higher density 4164 DRAMs and has a language-card already built-in

◊  ProDOS needs to be patched for compatibility as for Franklin/Laser and most other clones since it contains a "prawec" string instead of "APPLE ][" in its ROM - alternatively, one can burn an original Apple ROM and replace the standard factory ROM

I acquired this venerable Apple II clone on eBay in December 2015 for a good (i.e. "non-vintage") price, taking delivery on 4 January 2016.  Thanks to seller George for providing most of the detailed info (above) on the Pravetz, along with the DIP switch settings for configuring the integrated peripherals (see further down).



Pravetz 8M Apple II Europlus clone - main unit & close-up of keyboard with latin and cyrillic support



Close-up of Pravetz logo & underside of case showing serial number and 1987 manufacturing date



Rear view of Pravetz 8M.  There is a 5-pin DIN socket for cassette tape recorder.



First test of Pravetz 8M with Choplifter



The Pravetz 8M came supplied with an 80 column card and Disk II interface card (clone) in slots 3 & 6.  For kicks, I added an EDD Plus card to slot 5 (but later shifted to slot 4).

The Pravetz 80 column card has a "soft-switch" to alternate between standard video and 80 column mode.  There is a cable going from the card to a socket on the motherboard where normally there would be a chip which has been relocated to the card itself.  (On a real ][+ with a similar setup the chip in question would be either a 9334 or a 74LS259 in the F-14 socket).  The monitor plugs directly into the video jack of the card, which outputs all text and graphics modes and switches between them transparently.  Years ago, I had a Rosco "Auto-Screen 80" card with soft-switch which offered the same functionality  [Rosco soft-switch instructions HERE]


Close-up of Pravetz Disk II interface card


Close-up of Z-80 CPU on the motherboard (lying just below the 6502)


For comparison, here is a shot of my Z-80 SoftCard (clone) - I've had it since 1984, wonder if it still works?  The Pravetz 8M integrates all this on its main board!


Pravetz 8M motherboard DIP switches for configuration of integrated peripherals


Pravetz 8M - DIP switch configuration table



0 1
1 16K RAM Card ON OFF
5 Z80 Address shift OFF ON
6 Character set CYRILLIC LATIN
7 Speaker OFF ON
8 (Not used)    



Pravetz 8M paired with an Apple //c monochrome monitor


... and a Mitac half-height 5.25" disk drive


Mitac AD-3C Apple II floppy disk drive ad - scanned from October 1985 inCider


Kraft 16 to 9 pin joystick adapter plugged into the gameport for easy external connection of 9-pin joysticks.  The Pravetz 8M gameport is identical to that found on a regular II+ or //e.  The orientation is also the same (pin 1 at the keyboard end).


Close-up view of Pravetz 8M game port socket (16-pin DIP).  Due to the presence of an interface header sticking up directly behind the gameport it's much easier to insert a connector that has a ribbon cable, than one with a rear-protruding moulded cord.  The Kraft adapter was a tight fit, being of the rear-cord variety.  Nevertheless it's working perfectly even if I couldn't push it all the way in.


Pravetz 8M greets you with "prawec" on startup in place of "Apple ]["


 DOS 3.3 System Master recognizes the built-in 16K Language Card and loads Integer BASIC onto it


 The Pravetz 8M has built-in support for upper and lowercase


 The "KИP" key serves as toggle for lowercase entry.  An amber light beside the keyboard comes on for lowercase.  Also, the keyboard is auto-repeating (hence no "REPT" key).


ProDOS hangs on the startup screen - it needs a patch same as most other clones since the ROM contains a "prawec" string instead of "APPLE ][" which ProDOS checks for [patched ProDOS available HERE or try the new ProDOS 2.4.1 HERE]


 CP/M and WordStar tested working with the Pravetz 8M's built-in Z-80 SoftCard.  The 80 column card is detected and utilized automatically.  The WordStar menu does show cyrillic where inverse text would ordinarily be Notice how the lowercase 80 column characters (e.g. 'y' and 'g') have "true descenders" - in the Western world such 80 column cards typically carried a premium price tag.


NB: Having the Z-80 enabled does not interfere with the running of non-CP/M programs in any way - it behaves just like a standard Z-80 card in a real ][+, activating only when CP/M is loaded.  As far as I can tell the Z-80 maps to slot 5.


From rudimentary Applesoft testing, Pravetz 40 column mode supports INVERSE and FLASHING uppercase text, but not in 80 columns where text always appears as NORMAL.  I also discovered several CTRL keystroke commands at the Applesoft prompt that are only available in 80 column mode (PR#3):-

  CTRL-A     Soft-toggle for UPPERCASE & lowercase  
  CTRL-O     Switch to cyrillic character set } cyrillic & latin elements can be mixed on the
  CTRL-N     Switch to latin character set } same page or even in the same line
  CTRL-Z then CTRL-<any key>     Generates special graphics characters similar mode of operation as the Videx Videoterm
  CTRL-Z then 1     Revert to 40-column mode  

Pravetz 8M 80-column mode


 Comparing 40-column screen text of Pravetz 8M (left) & Apple //e (right)

Pravetz 8M 40-column text  Apple //e 40-column text


An old favourite - Beach-Head II on the Pravetz 8M



Xevious & Crazy Climber on the Pravetz 8M



Music & speech synthesis on the Pravetz 8M


Songwriter brochure

  Songwriter command summary Apple II

^ 2016-01-05 (last revised 2016-11-27)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

VERSAcard by Prometheus

All-in-one serial & parallel interface, clock/calendar (Thunderclock compatible), and BSR control



 Overview of the VERSAcard (August 1982, Creative Computing) & ad for Thunderclock Plus (February 1982, Softalk)



VERSAcard original brochure & manual cover

 Download as PDF



VERSAcard placed in slot 2 of my Pravetz 8M. Fresh batteries (2 x size N) have been fitted.

DIP switches on the Versacard are configured to map the clock card to slot 1, with the parallel interface disabled.  The serial interface always appears in the physical slot (in this case 2).  The manual HERE explains everything in abundant detail.  Though I'm mainly interested in the clock/calendar functions for now.


 I downloaded a patched ProDOS 8 (v1.9) that works on any 64K clone from HERE (alternatively one could use the new ProDOS 2.4.1 HERE) The clock programs you see above were manually keyed in from the VERSAcard manual.



VERSAcard showing correct date and time.  Unlike the Thunderclock, the VERSAcard does store the year, which is set to "1916".  Just tack on 100 for the current century.



Testing out the official Thunderclock Plus (DOS 3.3) utilities (disk image HERE



 Thunderclock is detected in slot 1 and time and date are recognized.  So the VERSAcard lives up to its emulation claim.



 MBASIC program to read the clock in CP/M



ProDOS 8 has a built-in driver for the Thunderclock (and compatibles).  Since the Thunderclock doesn't supply the year, ProDOS calculates this from a look-up table based on other date information.  For the moment, I can't get this to work properly.  ProDOS reports the year as 2000, and shows the wrong day and time - only the month is picked up correctly.  I did use the CLOCK.PATCH program (included with GS/OS System 6.0.x) to update the ProDOS Thunderclock year table but still the issue persists.  Though if the basic date isn't even read correctly the year will be awry regardless. 



ProDOS expects the date and time in Thunderclock "numeric" format (e.g. 10,01,13,10,55,01 {ASCII string} which translates as October, Monday, 13th, 10:55:01 AM), but my VERSAcard (with v1.41 ROM) seems to omit the leading 0 in the day-of-week (10,1,13,10,55,01).

Actual example of the VERSAcard numeric format:-


NB: ProDOS compatibility was fixed in later versions of the VERSAcard (see Cecil Fretwell's article "Date Computer" in November 1985 Call-A.P.P.L.E.)


Apple Pascal 1.1 reads the clock perfectly, including the year!


 Nor did I have to apply any patches - this disk drawn from the collection of Mr H came pre-configured for VERSAcard - hence the following error message when launched from AppleWin:


^ 2016-06-02 (last revised 2017-01-04)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

ProModem 1200A by Prometheus

Internal card modem for the Apple II with onboard comms software & Hayes Smartmodem compatibility

 Ad for ProModem 1200A & 2400A (February 1989, inCider)




Prometheus ProModem 1200A-2 sitting pretty in slot 7 of my Apple ][+ clone



The built-in terminal software can be called up anytime with PR#n or IN#n (n=7 in my case)The "Terminal Driver" screen will appear allowing commands to be issued directly to the modem.  A menu of options (baud rate, file transfer etc.) can be invoked with ESC followed by some key like RETURN or SPACEESC-C enables the scrollback buffer.  ESC-S enters scrollback to review the online history (use arrow keys to move up and down) ESC-D initiates file receive & ESC-X initiates file send (only works under DOS 3.3)ESC-Q quits the terminal (returns to ] prompt if DOS/ProDOS resident, else the monitor).




The bundled ProCom-A software (on two 5.25" disks) is rather more sophisticated.  It supports all Prometheus ProModem models (internal & external), the Hayes Micromodem and Novation Apple-Cat, and in general any Hayes compatible external modem connected via Super Serial Card, VERSAcard, or IIc/IIGS serial port.  It features a configurable phone book, a word processor and support for 80 columns.



ProCom-A also compatible with Apple IIGS (including mouse!)


Many third-party communications programs such as ProTERM do offer native support for the Prometheus ProModem.  And if it's not listed as an option, configuring for a Hayes Smartmodem & Super Serial Card will most likely work.


Here's a photo of an earlier model of the ProModem (pre-1986) which actually consists of two separate cards connected by a ribbon cable


^ 2016-12-07 (last revised 2016-12-13)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 


Photo of Hong Kong's (infamous?) Golden Computer Arcade taken by me on 17 January 2011 during a visit to the city.  It may not look like much but at its peak, this place likely had the greatest concentration of shops in the world selling Apple II gear (mostly cloned or pirated).  InfoWorld March 1984 reported more than 500 stores in the centre alone, plus a further 300 stores in surrounding back alleys.  How much of this Apple II legacy remains?  Not much, since everything old gets thrown out to make way for the new in Hong Kong (if you see the size of the average H.K. apartment dwelling you will understand).

香港深水埗黃金電腦商場,當年無人不知,照片於二○一一年一月十七日旅港時所攝。現在看來不大起眼,但在全盛時期,Apple II蘋果二型用品店密集於此(所售多是剽竊仿製貨色),數量之多並世無儔。據InfoWorld一九八四年三月報導,當時該商場有店鋪五百多家,附近橫街另有三百左右。昔時此地的AppleII風光,至今餘幾?大都煙消雲散!香港迎新必棄舊,寸金尺土使然,你若看過一般港人住的「白鴿籠」便會明白。



Sub Battle Simulator manual for Apple II (supplied with disk purchase for an extra fee) from Hong Kong's Golden Computer Arcade



A sampling of typical Hong Kong warez CDs of the 1990s (I didn't install any of them, honest!)



ABOVE: "Computec" floppy disks from H.K. (very popular in Australia) & Australian made "Nashua" disks

BELOW: The coloured "CenTech" floppy disks from the USA were a novelty and great favourite of mine - once widely available in Australia in same or multi-colour packs



Two special timepieces from ca. 1997.  The one on the left is a unique commemorative watch with embossed pouch presented to some members of the Royal Hong Kong Police in the lead-up to the 1997 handover to China.  My uncle, who served in this force before retiring in the early 1980s, had received one and kindly gifted it to me.  The very aesthetic Apple watch (with MacOS on the wristband) was something I acquired when it first became available through Apple Australia's merchandise catalogue (I don't recall the exact year).



 US$1,999.99 ???!!

  cvxmelody in Hong Kong (February 1977)

Souvenir bag recalling a past visit to Hong Kong's Ocean Park (I was also there in 1977!)

 (the Super Mario sticker is my own addition - btw, was amazed to discover recently that this game has been ported to the Apple IIGS !)





 LEFT: Old photo taken around 1993 showing an Apple souvenir cup (sitting atop the modem) and Apple mouse pad with logo.  The microphone plugged into the Sonic Blaster of my Apple IIGS.  The cup was later smashed after I accidentally dropped it.  The modem was a pretty sophisticated model - an Australian (Austel-approved) version of the Penril DataComm (good close-up photo HERE) - which I had gotten for a good price during a corporate close-out.  It was known as the Scitec Datalink in Australia.  Virtually every setting could be configured directly using the push buttons and LCD menu on the front.  I had experienced several modems up to that point, including the Supra Modem that was popular with Apple II users in the USA - it ran off a 110V step-down transformer and was technically illegal having no Austel approval [click for my scan of Supra Modem advertisement from inCider/A+] (NB: it was later sold as the Q-Modem by Quality Computers).  And from 1994 onwards, I had periods of fun with Maestro and NetComm.  But my first ever modem was the Automatic Ice internal Apple card modem (Auto Ice was based in Newcastle, Australia).


Auto-Ice Modem mini-introduction (WAppleII)


Even after making the switch to external modems, I hung onto the Auto Ice a while longer for its built-in ProDOS clock (Thunderclock compatible, backed up by two AAA batteries) and Viatel capability. It also had Bell 103 support (for calling American BBSes at 300 baud - a 1987 list of GBBS Pro boards in the USA is HERE). All the comms software was onboard but I recently saw an article in Applecations (March 1988) confirming the modem would also work with some regular terminal programs e.g. ASCII Express Pro & Pinpoint's Point-to-Point.

  Apple Computer Australia also released an internal Apple II card modem (the "In/Modem 1200" made for them by NetComm), and Maestro had an Apple II modem which didn't require a serial card (see also HERE).  Then there was the "Hampack II" sold by a Melbourne company:

Ad for Hampack II modem (Jan 1984)  Ad for Hampack modem, Apple II cards & joystick (Nov 1985)  Apple II joystick (sold in the Far East, Australia, USA etc)


Auto-Ice Apple Modem

 RIGHT: On the shelf, there are original boxes for a Ram GS memory card and Zip Chip - I still have this hardware but the boxes are long gone.  You can also just about make out several original Broderbund Apple II titles - Lode Runner, David's Midnight Magic, Prince of Persia, and Epyx Impossible Mission (I).  In an unexplained fit of largesse, I gave them away for free in the mid-1990s (along with around 500 Apple II 5.25" disks and many gaming manuals) to a guy in Perth with a platinum Apple //e, and never saw them again...


UPDATE:  SupraModem redux - how nice is that? (December 8, 2016)



Q-Modem complete in original box - twin souls? (December 29, 2016)


[Q-Modem 2400 Reference Card now available HERE]



ABOVE: Upon re-acquiring an Apple IIe setup in December 2015 (thanks are due to Mr H of the Eastern States of Australia), I was thrilled to be reunited with an original Lode Runner disk and manual!

BELOW: Surviving backup copies of my original Prince of Persia disk. I had ordered this game from the US when it first came out, but was unable to back it up myself.  I gave the job to a copy-protection expert in Perth who lived nearby and owned an EDD 4 Plus card.  The backup disk is labelled with the precise procedure he used to successfully duplicate the bootside - sync, bit-copy, manual nibble count. 



Further examples of his endeavours - assorted backups of Mr Cool, Kid Niki, 2400 A.D. (cracked versions are his own), and some original specimens (Computist Super IOB Collection #1-4 etc.)


Probably a copy he made of the Airheart disk which I had purchased from Hong Kong's Golden Computer Arcade in 1988

 Though not an original, it was pristine, uncracked and retained the full copy-protection.  I bought much else from the same shop including many double hi-res games, etc. - most were uncracked and hard to copy.  It took them several days to fulfil my order but all their disks worked perfectly.




Beagle Bros ads from Softalk and Australian Personal Computer (1982)


Original scans - "Disk Inspection and the use of Super IOB"



My annual subscription to "The Road Apple" (An Apple // "End Users" Underground Newsletter)

Sadly, I no longer have even a single issue left - but there's an original scan HERE



Prince of Persia 2: The Shadow and the Flame - screenshots from Mac PowerBook 3400c (NB: Mac version of this game offers superior quality with 640x480 graphics vs. Windows with 320x200)




 The Golden Orchard CD-ROM  — Apple IIGS software goodies (above)


  AUGE CD #1  — Mac & Apple IIGS collection by Apple User Group Europe (below)



 DeluxeWare CD-ROM  — Apple IIGS software bonanza by Brutal Deluxe Software & La Pomme Illustrée



"Yes, Master?" Apple IIc poster by Rich Tennant (1987) - I got it from Open-Apple/A2-Central back in the day


Rediscovered box for my Spectravideo QuickShot X deluxe joystick controller (Apple II) - the stick itself was discarded ages ago




Some photos of my Macintosh PowerBook 180c, newly purchased in February 1994 from an Apple dealer in Windsor House (Causeway Bay, Hong Kong).  Being the top-of-the-line PowerBook at the time, it didn't come cheap, but in Australia would surely have cost three times as much!  To my chagrin, Apple discontinued the PowerBook 100 line just a short while later, coming out with a brand new series.  Still, I was happy with the 180c and its vibrant active-matrix display, and it gave me good service up until 2000 when I finally packed it away (but still working).  When powered on again in 2015, the hard disk failed to properly boot, the display functioned somewhat at first, but then something in the hinge broke and now it only ever shows a white screen (in the photo you can see how the LCD is lopsided - not good).  Incidentally, the Apple carry bag and video adapter cable were standard inclusions (though a piggyback adapter was needed for VGA plug).  The dual battery charger, spare battery, and HP DeskWriter 520 (only the manuals are left) were purchased a short while later in Australia.  The Technöggin PowerPlate 5x may have been something I imported from the US.  And at one stage there was also a Gravis Mac GamePad.





PowerPlate reviewed in Australian MacWorld - May 1994


PowerBook 180c in The Apple Catalog - Fall 1993 (USA)

Complete catalog available at DocSlide - several Apple II products were still on Apple's pricelist at this time (Joystick, High-Speed SCSI Card, SuperDrive Controller Card, Apple II Memory Expansion Card, etc)


Nice table cloth to keep your Apple clean and shiny


 Apple jade paperweight


Atarisoft collection, Ghostbusters, Batman, Ikari Warriors


Dark Castle


Test Drive & California Games

[Test Drive manual & disk scans now available HERE]

Test Drive (8-bit) NTSC TV screenshot (Apple IIGS)  California Games (8-bit) NTSC TV screenshot (Apple IIGS)  California Games (8-bit) NTSC TV screenshot (Apple IIGS)


The Duel: Test Drive II

^ 2016-01-28 (last revised 2017-01-08)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Viatel & CompuServe Pacific


My starter pack for Viatel (Telecom Australia's Videotex service)



It's a curious fact that Viatel's online telephone directory would show most unlisted numbers.  Once, I exploited this loophole to recover some Apple II disks I had lent someone who showed no intention of returning them.  I only had a name to go on but with Viatel was able to track down his phone number.  He didn't seem at all pleased to hear from me and sullenly asked "how did you get this number?"  But at least I got back what was rightfully mine...


Viatel magazine from 1988  (later the service was renamed "Discovery")




Two messages I received on Viatel in 1988 recent rediscovery!

[Hardcopies to Epson LX-86 from Auto Ice Apple II card modem with onboard Viatel comms software]



 CompuServe magazines


Index of their computer forums, usage tips... and tariffs (yikes!)



CompuServe in Australia was just way too expensive for anything more than the occasional use and when connected you always felt like a panic attack was imminent.  Though I did find it useful for contacting US software companies to request catalogues and such. 

A printout I made ca. 1991 showing "CIS" addresses of various companies

I must have acted on this public plea urging people to pressure gaming companies to support the Apple IIGS


My quick reference chart of favoured CompuServe destinations


But well before the advent of Viatel and CompuServe Pacific, there was "The Australian Beginning" - launched in March 1982 it was Australia's first online information service, modelled after "The Source" in the United States

 "The Apple II is well-supported on the Australian Beginning, with over 1000 programs available" 


^ 2016-03-25 (last revised 2017-01-07)

AlphaSmart Pro keyboard

What is it?  The AlphaSmart Pro is a standalone "memory keyboard" for typing up things whilst away from your computer.  It features compact size (thus easy to carry around), simple text editing functions, small LCD screen showing 4 lines at a time, supports 8 separate files, and 2 regular AA batteries provide enough juice to keep it running for days on end.  All data is retained even whilst turned off (a replaceable lithium battery provides secondary backup if AA batteries are dead or removed).  Hotplug the AlphaSmart to the ADB port of a Mac/Apple IIGS or PS/2 port of a PC (well, I personally wouldn't risk it with PS/2) and it should show up as a regular keyboard.  Open your preferred word processor, hit "send" and the active file gets zapped across like an ultra-fast typist.



Hands on with the AlphaSmart Pro keyboard - I found it to be a real time-saver for compiling lists of scattered Apple II documentation!



AlphaSmart Pro plugged into ADB port (above) and text dumped into MS Word (below)

^ 2016-02-01

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Enhanced Apple //e clone


In early February 2016, I came upon this enticing enhanced Apple IIe clone on eBay - and bought it.  A copy of the NTSC Apple IIe, equipped with an extended 80-column card and Disk II interface (both cloned), plus a genuine Apple Super Serial Card.  The eBay seller (in Canada) had disassembled the machine and taken these nice photos:-




[photos courtesy of eBay]

 The underside of the motherboard shows a date of 1985.  On startup, it displays "Apple //e" which is consistent with an enhanced IIe.  (Non-enhanced would show "Apple ][" though on a clone it could be anything) 



Apple User July 1985 Asian Apple IIe clone story


 Erratum: "model with a separate keyboard" probably should read "model with an extra keypad"


[from Apple User July 1985 - scan courtesy of SpeedyG ]


This style of clone is quite familiar to me.  My cousin in Perth had one, purchased in Hong Kong.  It resembled the clone above except it also had a numeric keypad.  His was the exact model shown in the following photos (from opportune sighting on Australian eBay):-



[photos courtesy of eBay Australia]


Comparing the motherboard to the "Canadian" unit above, they are almost identical.  The keyboard is also the same, as is the case, apart from the numeric keypad.  The auxiliary slot is adjacent to the power supply, like an American IIe.  Typical of look-alike clones from the Far East, the rear case openings mimic the simpler Apple II+ style.  Somebody stuck on the Apple II Europlus badge (!), but more likely than not this clone was originally sold unbranded.  The clone my cousin had was unenhanced which I would expect to be true of this one.

I've seen such clones being sold in Hong Kong firsthand, and from what I recall, the asking price was roughly HKD$1500—1800.  The variant with numeric keypad naturally cost more, and you could choose between 128K or 64K (i.e. with or without extended 80 column card), and a 110V or 220V power supply.  The shopkeeper informed me that only unenhanced clones were available (perhaps enhanced units could be provided "under the table" if one were insistent enough, but I honestly don't know).  Incidentally, the numeric keypad of these clones is integrated with the main keyboard so that only a single lead runs to the motherboard keyboard connector.  As with the American IIe (but unlike the PAL and French-Canadian IIe), there is no rocker switch under the keyboard, although there may be DIP switches on the clone motherboard for changing keyboard layouts.

I found proof that these Apple IIe clones were also being actively imported and sold in Australia [see HERE]

And someone in Melbourne posted photos of this same type of clone (minus numeric keypad) HERE - it has a Seasonic power supply (like the one on Australian eBay above), many peripheral cards (including PAL encoder), and shows "][E" on startup


Astonishingly, this clone was also imported from Taiwan to Bulgaria where it was badged as the "Pravetz 8E" but with an important distinction - it had a PAL motherboard layout (auxiliary slot in line with slot 3) [see discussion HERE] - I'm not aware of PAL Apple IIe lookalike clones ever being sold in Asia so this model was likely custom produced for Bulgaria and is truly rare.  Also, the rear of the case has more openings than the "Canadian" and "Australian" variants we have seen, although the keyboard remains the same.  (The motherboard appears identical to a genuine Apple IIe PAL motherboard - exact same layout and markings - but minus Apple branding and presumably fitted with cheaper components and knockoff ROMs. The plot thickens...)


[photos courtesy of 'galinpetkov' & Apple Fritter]


My cousin's clone would show "COMPUTER" on startup - this meant that ProDOS had to be patched for compatibility [patched ProDOS available HERE or try the new ProDOS 2.4.1 HERE].  In every other respect, it behaved just like a genuine unenhanced IIe.  Eventually, I suggested to him to get it enhanced in order to keep up with the latest software offerings.  Taking it to an authorized Apple dealer was obviously not an option.  Fortunately, Mr S.R. of Perth used to offer the enhancement service so we paid him a visit.  He had the 65c02 CPU and enhanced ROMs at the ready (burned copies, of course) and after inspecting the clone, told us that one of the chips was different from the regular (PAL) IIe but he had the correct part on hand.  (He must have been alluding to the character generator ROM of the clone being of the American IIe variety i.e. 24 pin).  The upgrade was an unmitigated success - it now showed "Apple //e" on startup and could run any software compatible with enhanced IIe, including programs requiring MouseText.

  I once knew somebody who bought an Apple II Plus look-alike in Hong Kong for use in Australia. It was unbranded (the lid had the proper indentation for the logo) but for an additional fee, the shop quietly slipped him a sealed envelope. They instructed him to only open it once back in Australia!  And it turned out to be a sticker with a good 1:1 colour reproduction of the "Apple ][" badge.  True story.


The old unenhanced ROMs from my cousin's IIe clone were given to me for safekeeping.  I still have them - some pics:-


So if ever I wanted to "de-enhance" the Canadian clone I purchased from eBay, I could just swap in these chips (along with the 6502 CPU which I also held onto).



Enhanced Apple //e clone (NTSC)


The IIe clone from Canada arrived at my doorstep on 29 February 2016 - an "odd" date but not jinxed in any way...



Rear view of the Apple //e clone showing the ports, case openings (][+ style), and 110V power supply (I'll use a step-down transformer)



Close-ups of the keyboard.  Note the "non-infringing" fruity design of the open and closed apple keys.



 Close-ups of the power supply and motherboard.  The CPU is indeed a 65c02.  The speaker had come loose during the long journey from Canada and I had to glue it back in the right spot.  Aside from that, everything else looks healthy.  And in case you were wondering, the DIP switches near the keyboard connectors are for changing the layout of certain punctuation keys.



First power up with only an extended 80 column card in the auxiliary slot.  The motherboard power LED lit up and a reassuring beep issued from the speaker.  I ran the composite video to my LG 47" LCD TV (model 47LK950S).


 "Apple //e" - as promised



I ran the Apple IIe self-diagnostic test (CTRL-OPEN APPLE-CLOSED APPLE-RESET) - System OK !


80 column card working fine.  The clone outputs a proper NTSC (60Hz).  I'm very impressed with the LG TV's extreme clarity in composite video mode, certainly as good as any monitor, something I hadn't expected. (I have the composite output of my Apple IIGS hooked up to a CRT TV, and there the 80 column text is readable, but a little fuzzy)

Playing around with the keyboard, I soon discovered an "undocumented" feature of this clone.  Holding down the CTRL and SHIFT keys together with any other key (alphanumeric or punctuation) triggers some commonly used Applesoft commands.  In the above example - HOME ; PR# ; NEW ; REM ; TEXT ; XDRAW etc. - were automatically generated via these special "macro" keystrokes.  (My cousin's IIe clone lacked this funky facility)

Many moons ago, someone had loaned me an Apple II+ clone with a similar feature but it had the macros printed on the keycaps (that clone was not a "look-alike" but built more in the style of a Commodore 64).

Here are photos of an Apple II+ clone with an example of such a macro keyboard (from an eBay listing).  Notice how this machine has the same case type as my newly acquired IIe clone!


[photos courtesy of eBay]


This clone was even sold in Germany and I found pics of a modded version with IIe-style backplate HERE


Jameco Electronics imported this keyboard/case to the USA - I scanned the following ad from the October 1989 issue of inCider/A+



The ad refers to "predefined function keys" - implying that the macros are built into the keyboard and work independently of the motherboard


Well getting back to the unpacking...


Close-ups of the extended 80-column text card and Disk II interface card (both cloned) (also supplied was a genuine Apple Super Serial Card not depicted here)

This cloned Disk ][ interface was made in Taiwan - see HERE


I wanted to test out a half-height Apple II disk drive (Meiji 128 / FD-103) that I'd recently acquired.  "New old" stock - still in its original box, and in pristine condition!





Ad for Meiji Apple II disk drive from the September 1989 issue of inCider/A+ - it retailed for $79 USD



Disk drive connected to Disk II interface card (in slot 6)



 Apple IIe Diagnostic reports an "Apple IIe Enhanced".  MouseText is working.  So this IIe clone is enhanced, no doubt about it.


Fine looking NTSC color palette


How about we soup up this system?  I have here a RamWorks II 1MB and TransWarp accelerator, both made by Applied Engineering.  I got them very recently and haven't had a chance to play with them as yet.  (Nor do I have prior experience with these cards, although in the past, I did have a //e with AE RamFactor 1MB and TransWarp II)


RamWorks II close-up, and after installation in auxiliary slot of the enhanced Apple IIe clone


WORD OF CAUTION: RamWorks II won't physically fit inside a PAL or "international NTSC" Apple //e, for which you need a RamWorks III - see discussion HERE


 Close-up of the Applied Engineering TransWarp (with latest v1.4 ROM)  |--|  Upon installation in slot 3  |--|  Key features of TransWarp from manual




An unmodified AppleWorks 3.0 reports 687K available on the desktop, so the RamWorks is being picked up and utilized


AE RAM diagnostic successfully passed



TransWarp startup logo & built-in diagnostic test - AOK !



GAME & APPLICATION SCREENSHOTS:   Pooyan, Black Magic, Mouse Desk  [ double hi-res ], Dazzle Draw  [ double hi-res ], Fantavision, Fat City, Mr Do!, Apple Invaders, Create with Garfield!, Choplifter, Spiderbot  [ double hi-res ], Rad Warrior  [ double hi-res ], Dino Eggs (1988 Softdisk edition), Bruce Lee  [ double hi-res title ], BurgerTime, Microwave, Congo Bongo 

Enhanced Apple IIe NTSC clone  —(RCA composite)—>  LG 47" LCD TV




Dazzle Draw & Fantavision Apple II (8-bit) manuals  Fantavision At-A-Glance (Apple II 8-bit)







Dino Eggs (Softdisk 1988 reissue)        Dino Eggs original Apple II box (1983 Micro Fun)

[Dino Eggs manual & disk scans now available HERE]





But is bigger better??  I have this Shinco MDP-1770 portable DVD player with 7" LCD display which also functions as a composite monitor.

It supports PAL & NTSC and sports a mini-jack for video input/output (selectable).  Mine came standard with rechargeable battery pack (removable), AC power adapter (100-240 VAC), car power adapter (plugs into cigarette lighter), and remote control unit.  The 7" display has a horizontal resolution of 500 lines, according to the manual.



Screenshots of Aztec on the Shinco MDP-1770 - as output by NTSC Apple IIe clone



And the same scene from my PAL Apple IIe...


With its rechargeable battery pack and car power adapter, the Shinco would make a decent portable screen for, say, an Apple IIc.  Don't know if they are still available though.  In the USA, it appears to have been sold under the brand name "Mintek", and depending on the specific revision may or may not support video input [see discussion HERE and HERE]



And for heavy number crunching we have this...


 Apple IIe external numeric keypad 

 (generic style - made in Taiwan)


This keypad was evidently designed with the clone //e in mind - the moulded strain relief fits perfectly into one of my clone's rear case openings


^ 2016-03-01 (last revised 2016-11-05)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Following link has much interesting background on the Apple II clones of Hong Kong and Taiwan along with rare scans of original product brochures:-

In the Far East, South Korea also cloned the Apple II intensively, one example being the Intertek System IV (close-up photos HERE).  An enhanced Apple IIe clone, the Microdigital TK3000 IIe, hailed from Brazil.  The ASEM AM 100 was an Italian made Apple ][+ clone with detached keyboard.  Micro-Sci in the USA made an Apple IIe clone the Havac (close-up photos HERE).  But by far the most well-known American clones were the Franklin ACE series.  Canada had its own indigenous Apple II clone known as the Orangepeel

Brochure for "Pineapple" Apple II clone from the above Apple Logic page:-

[Scan courtesy of Apple Logic]


I knew a classmate who had an Apple II clone with IBM XT-style case (I assume he got it from Malaysia where he was originally from). It may have been similar to the Pineapple DP-64E but I don't recall seeing any Pineapple badge.

A surprising discovery in my collection - an authentic Pineapple-branded floppy disk:-


There are some Pineapple close-up photos available HERE


The Apple II clones of Asia (May 24, 1982 TIME)


Advertisement for "Pineapple" - sold in kit form

& "Customs Service to Seize Bogus Apples" (February 1983 BYTE)





A typical Apple II Plus lookalike clone from Hong Kong (1983) complete with clone manuals:-



This unit may have been modified along the lines of the Apple II Europlus (i.e. PAL 50Hz B&W output via the motherboard RCA video jack), however the typical Apple II clone purchased in H.K. with monochrome composite monitor would have a fully NTSC motherboard (even if the PSU and monitor were rated 220-240V - H.K. itself runs on 220V).  For clones fitted with PAL colour encoder card in slot 7, perhaps a PAL hardware modification was mandatory.  But without doubt any type of system could be tailor-made on request!  H.K. residents themselves had no need for the PAL encoder as their TVs were multi-system.  So I assume the PAL "Eurapple" mod was mostly reserved for units bound for resellers in Europe/Australia/New Zealand...


So far as I can make out, the slots are populated as follows: 16K RAM card (slot 0), Grappler+ (slot 1), 80-column card (slot 3), Z80 card (slot 4), Disk II card (slot 6), PAL encoder & RF modulator card (slot 7)

[above photos and seller's description courtesy of eBay Australia]

A period photo of a similar unbranded Apple ][+ clone from Hong Kong is HERE.  And see HERE for the H.K. lookalike clone known as "Banana" (I've used one of these before - it would show "BANANA" on startup in place of "APPLE ][").


Ad for "Banana" Apple ][+ clone in Electronics Australia (Feb 1984)

 The Banana had a green coloured motherboard with standard ][+ layout (8 slots), and could of course be configured for 64K with the addition of a language card in slot 0



The lookalike clones of Hong Kong mimicked the classic American Apple II Plus, and hundreds of thousands were surely sold.  All sported the same form factor but with slight variations depending on who supplied the case, keyboard, motherboard, and power supply.  The cases could range in colour from an Apple beige to a quartzite white.



Apple ][+ clone motherboard (same type as the 1983 unit above) and clone Wildcard  [photos courtesy of eBay]


Bypass the middleman - buy direct from Hong Kong (March 1983 Electronics Australia)


"Malum ][" — Apple II Plus (NTSC) lookalike clone from South Korea (1983)


[photos courtesy of eBay]

This "Malum ][" clone from Korea has 4 slots instead of the standard 8.  The 16K language card (normally in slot 0) appears to be integrated.  (Some Malums did have more slots - e.g. see HERE]


Review of "Laser 128" Apple IIc clone by Cynthia E. Field (May 5, 1986 InfoWorld)

 A reverse-engineered, fully legal clone from Hong Kong - as the ROMs weren't direct copies of the Apple, it offered good but not perfect software compatibility


The Laser ROMs underwent continual revision and many of the issues noted in this early review were subsequently addressed.  By 1988, around the time the Laser 128EX/2 was introduced, software compatibility was as high as "99.8%" from some accounts.


Assorted Laser 128 & 128EX ROM versions (screenshots from YouTube - see HERE & HERE)


I was rather fascinated to learn that the Laser 128EX and 128EX/2 were engineered from the ground up to run at 3.6MHz, unlike the Apple IIc Plus which employed a caching accelerator (essentially an integrated Zip Chip) - see discussion HERE


Apple IIc Plus & Laser 128EX/2 The Next Generation (November 1988 A+)



Laser as mainstream consumer product

Major department stores like Sears in the U.S. marketed the Laser 128 series to the wider public with great success

Sears in Honolulu (personal photo of Dec 2009)


Laser 128 Series manual (128, 128EX, 128 EX/2)




An earlier model, the Laser 3000 was imported to Australia & New Zealand by Dick Smith Electronics and rebranded as the 'Cat'


It offered broad Apple ][+ compatibility with extras like 2MHz CPU, 560x192 colour graphics, in-built 80 columns, RGB output, and even a 3 channel sound generator chip




 READ a review of the Dick Smith CAT by Electronics Australia (May 1984) 

This clone was also sold in the USA where it was known as the "Aplus 3000"


Nothing to do with the 'Cat'... but a letter of thanks from Dick Smith to West Australian customers - Electronics Australia (March 1981)


Concord II Apple II clone advert - Electronics Australia (March 1982)

    HERE is a review of the Concord II by Electronics Australia 


100-page package on Apple II Look-Alikes from Taiwan - Sydney Morning Herald (July 4, 1983)


Unitron U-2200 Apple II clone advert - Your Computer (AU) (March 1984)

This Unitron was made in Taiwan, though there was an unrelated Brazilian company of the same name making Apple II clones!


The namesake Unitron Apple ][+ clone from Brazil

 (courtesy Ricardo Contieri on YouTube - see HERE)


"KB 3000" Apple II Plus detached IBM-style keyboard

  with numeric keypad and 10 programmable function keys


Perhaps some clones could accept the female 9-pin plug directly (e.g. ASEM AM 100?) - otherwise it needs an adapter for the motherboard connection which I lack

^ 2016-03-28 (last revised 2017-01-08)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Laser 128EX

Apple IIe/IIc compatible
with Triple Speed Processor
by Video Technology Computers Ltd & Laser Computer



This Laser 128EX now in my possession was originally sold in the U.S. - it's a 1987 unit - presumably from an early batch as the letters "EX" are stickered on

  (Unlike the European version, it lacks a switch underneath for toggling video output between NTSC/PAL)


RGB video cable for connecting the Laser 128EX to my Commodore 1084S monitor


The Commodore 1084S has a button on the back for toggling between analogue & digital TTL-CGA


The Laser 128EX's Video Display Generator chip with dedicated 64K VRAM supports both analogue and digital RGB.  Although the quality of these RGB modes is similar, analogue gives a more vibrant picture and that's what I'm using.

The 1084S also has a regular composite jack ("CVBS"), but as mine is the PAL Australian model you would only get monochrome with the Laser (for RGB it doesn't matter).  The North American 1084S would be a better match, outputting colour in both RGB & NTSC composite modes.


I have the Laser's original 120V power supply, but prefer a modern 100V-240V 60-Watt supply acquired in 2015 for my Apple //c which is also fully Laser 128 compatible (indeed any //c PSU will work)


Laser 128EX startup screen (ROM Version 4.2) & built-in control panel



When I took delivery of this computer (on 16 December 2016), I actually had no idea if I was getting a plain Laser 128 (1MHz speed only) or a genuine Laser 128EX (selectable 1, 2.3 or 3.6MHz) - after all, the letters "EX" were stickered onto the badge which could be construed as fake.  I had only the eBay seller's photos to rely on and nothing more.

But lo and behold - it turns out to be the real deal!  Holding down '3' or '2' at power-on, a CTRL-RESET or "three-fingered salute" selects the higher speeds of 3.6MHz or 2.3MHz - just as you would expect for a 128EX.  The proof lies in the pudding - higher pitched beep, faster cursor blink rate, and programs verily hurtling along.

Here's a video I made showing Thexder running at both 3.6MHz and 2.3MHz:-



Laser 128EX screenshots

 Commodore 1084S monitor in analogue RGB mode




Pitfall II






Blazing Paddles




The Laser 128EX keyboard sports open/closed triangle keys instead of apples - a change which even carries over to its unique MouseText





 The Laser 128EX has a color/mono switch, handy for programs like MultiScribe which only look good in mono





TV screenshot of Airheart for comparison:-

Laser 128EX composite NTSC video to Samsung 32" LCD TV

It's also worth noting that the Laser serves up a rock solid, crystal clear picture on my Apple //c monochrome green screen (240V PAL model G091H)




Laser 128EX complete with original retail box [photos courtesy of eBay]


^ 2016-12-16 (last revised 2017-01-02)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

The Software Automatic Mouth (S.A.M.) speech card

The Software Automatic Mouth, according to the manual, is "a versatile, high-quality speech synthesizer... that adds quality speech to your personal computer for a lower cost than ever before possible and, in the bargain, you gain features that other speech synthesizers cannot offer."

The hardware-based version of S.A.M. generates sound through a speaker mounted on the card - and shouldn't be confused with the software-only S.A.M. utilizing the Apple speaker

I was eager to audition the S.A.M. and now have it installed in slot 5 of my enhanced Apple IIe clone.  It normally goes in slot 4 but the program disk I have was patched for slot 5 operation (and renamed R.A.M. for "Remote Automatic Mouth") - perhaps the idea was to keep slot 4 free for a Mockingboard.


Close-up of the S.A.M. speech card.  I assume it to be a 1980's clone?


S.A.M. Owner's Manual and page describing the various demo programs



Hear the S.A.M. speech card in action (audio samples made using Edirol R-09HR and external mics)

S.A.M. introductory demo



S.A.M. speeches



S.A.M. text-to-speech demo



S.A.M. guess the number game



^ 2016-03-04

Master ][ (1984) - by Samurai-Software of Perth


An example of Apple II software development in Western Australia!



  "Master ][... uses some of the fastest sorting and analysing routines available for the Apple II range"


^ 2016-03-09

Just for fun...

 Cassette copy of "Lemonade Stand" from the vintage disk


Elementary, My Dear Apple (1980)

I had no easy way to test the cassette ports of my "new" enhanced Apple IIe clone, since I don't own any Apple II cassettes.  So I devised a simple procedure:

  I loaded the Applesoft program "Lemonade Stand" (1979) from the "Elementary, My Dear Apple" disk pictured above

Ran a cable from Cassette Out port of my enhanced Apple IIe clone to mic-in of Edirol sound recorder

Hit record button, then SAVE on the computer.  Single BEEP heralded start of the recording, another BEEP the finish.

Rebooted, CTRL-RESET, then LOAD at Applesoft prompt

Played back recording using a Cowon music player to the Cassette In port.  Had to experiment with volume, but finally, success!  Single BEEP signals start-detect of the "cassette" recording, and a return to the Applesoft prompt the completion...

LISTed the program to ensure it was all there, then RUN to execute it




UPDATE: Exciting new arrival - my first Apple II cassette!


  Download digitized audio files (FLAC) [24.9 MB]



Hear what the cassette recording of "Lemonade Stand" sounds like


 Download best quality version (FLAC) [7.56 MB]

 You can play this audio file back to the Cassette In port of any suitably equipped Apple II.  Type LOAD at the Applesoft prompt, start playback, and when the cursor re-appears, RUN to play the game.  If it doesn't work at first, try adjusting the volume and disabling any kind of sound enhancement.  Either a mono or stereo lead will work, as I've duplicated the audio to both channels.

^ 2016-03-10 (last revised 2016-06-17)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Gravis Mac MouseStick II

Brand new Gravis Mac MouseStick II to adorn my Mac PowerBook 3400c - most definitely a quality choice for any Mac with ADB port








Beeshu Omega Apple II/PC precision analog joystick




Another great find on eBay.  Works perfectly, and nicely colour-coordinated with the table for my enhanced Apple IIe clone!  Has very precise centering and control and a full analogue sweep (0-255).  There is only a single button 0 on top of the stick - both buttons on the base are button 1, an arrangement which takes some getting used to, but it's designed this way to cater for both left and right handers.

Read a review of the Beeshu Omega joystick from the Nov 1989 issue of inCider:-


 subLOGIC Flight Simulator II for Apple II (original box & contents)



 Rear cover ad for Flight Simulator II from Compute!'s Apple Vol. 5 Issue 5 (1987)


Another Flight Simulator II boxed original (this one came to me as a gift) - in startling mint condition:-


Datasoft Zaxxon by SEGA

^ 2016-03-12 (last revised 2016-11-01)

Epyx 500XJ Apple II/PC joystick

VERDICT: Nice one!


Right hand operates the stick, the palm of your left hand cradles the unit with index and middle fingers poised on the firing triggers.  A switch at the top alternates between free-floating and spring-loaded centre return.  Calibration is easy - just press the "CENTER ADJ" button once the stick is physically centred.



Apple II connectors (both 9-pin & 16-pin) & PC gameport adapter (standard inclusions)



Effortlessly slay your opponent in Epyx Death Sword!  Also superb with Shamus and Drol Moon Patrol refuses to cooperate in the right/forward direction, but that game is notoriously fussy when it comes to joysticks.



^ 2016-05-23

Nishida Radio USB Joystick Adapter & Elecom USB Gamepad

A dynamite duo!



Nishida Radio USB Joystick Adapter for Apple II

Plugged into TG Products Select-A-Port of my IIe

For the list of compatible USB joysticks and gamepads see HERE and HERE



Elecom USB Gamepad (JC-U2410TWH)

There are several versions of the Nishida adapter - mine is an intermediate model with DIP switches and a single 16-pin connector for the Apple II internal game socket.  I got this second-hand through eBay, and found that it wouldn't play along with my Logitech Attack 3 joystick.  So I ordered this new Elecom Gamepad from Japan which is confirmed compatible and for which the correct DIP settings are supplied on Nishida Radio's website.



Close-ups of the gamepad

Movement control is on the left.  There are 10 buttons in all, but only the four round buttons on the right side are functional on the Apple II (two of which map to Apple paddle button 0, the remaining two to button 1).



Gaming console action on the Apple II - paused screenshots from Cavern Creatures, Crossbow, Commando and Choplifter



Whilst you cannot adjust the calibration of the gamepad or the adapter, the default calibration will be fine for most games


Sample X & Y-axis readings

(courtesy of the Applesoft program described HERE)



^ 2016-07-11 (last revised 2016-07-14)

Apple 20MB SCSI hard disk


The Apple Hard Disk 20SC debuted in September 1986 along with the Apple IIGS.  It originally contained a Seagate hard drive, but was later manufactured with the MiniScribe 8425SA 20MB SCSI hard drive depicted above [see Wikipedia article](The MiniScribe was also offered as a a built-in drive on the Macintosh II and SE)

The drive you see in these photos (with 1989 manufacturing date) has been in my possession since the early 1990s, when I got it second-hand.  It was shown working to me in a Mac though I never ended up using it, since I preferred a larger capacity Quantum ProDrive LPS (50MB SCSI) for my IIGS.  The Quantum was still working perfectly when taken out of storage in late 2015, but in April 2016 suddenly started misbehaving, throwing up bad blocks.  In the near future I'll replace it with a MicroDrive/Turbo IDE with 256MB CompactFlash card.  I have the Quantum backed up with ADTPro, so restoring the system won't be difficult.  The Apple II SCSI Card now in my GS will be shifted across to my enhanced IIe clone.  The plan there is to attach a SCSI2SD which emulates a SCSI hard drive using a microSD card.

 The ADTPro backup of my GS hard disk runs fine on emulators and in particular with GSPort under Windows I can easily move stuff between the virtual GS and the "real life" GS/Mac/Windows via A2SERVER.  Having never even touched an Apple II emulator prior to 2015 these mod cons really do strike me as awesome!



GSPort emulates a color ImageWriter II printer


Quick test of GSPort's virtual ImageWriter II driver - printout from The Print Shop (1986 color version) to Brother laser printer

^ 2016-04-05 (last revised 2017-01-09)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

MicroDrive Turbo & SCSI2SD

SCSI hard disk emulation using flash memory media

MicroDrive Turbo in slot 1 of Apple IIGS  MicroDrive Turbo in slot 1 of Apple IIGS 

ADTPro transferring hard disk image to MicroDrive Turbo


MicroDrive Turbo with 256MB CompactFlash card working smoothly on Apple IIGS!  I have it setup with 8 partitions.  The first holds GS/OS - cloned from my Quantum 50MB SCSI hard disk, but now updated to System 6.0.3.  The second partition (also bootable) has 8-bit games, AppleWorks, MultiScribe etc.  On startup, the MicroDrive Turbo lets you boot from the partition of your choice by holding down the Open Apple Key plus the corresponding number.  Most of the remaining partitions are taken up with ready-made 32MB images downloaded from the web, full of 16-bit games and apps.  At first, GS/OS would consistently crash at the point where the Finder scans all your drives.  The problem seemed related to the ICONS folders of the storage partitions - too many icons for GS/OS to handle I guess.  I renamed them all to ICONS1 and no more crashes. 


SCSI2SD V5.0a adapter   

SCSI2SD adapter pairing up well with Apple II SCSI card.  No memory card was supplied and I've put in a 2GB microSD.  The setup - partitioning, formatting and transfer of HDD images using ADTPro - was performed on my IIGS.  I configured four 32MB partitions and don't envisage a need for more.  I first tried copying the partitions directly to the microSD using CiderPress but in the end, the ADTPro approach worked best for me.  I now have the Apple II SCSI card and SCSI2SD in my enhanced IIe clone.



AppleWorks 3.0 load time on SCSI2SD - quick and dirty demo video

 Configuration: Apple IIe enhanced clone | Apple II SCSI Card (Rev C ROM) | ITEAD Studio SCSI2SD V5.0a | RamWorks II 1MB | TransWarp @ 3.6MHz


^ 2016-05-10 (last revised 2016-10-30)

Canon BJC-255SP impersonates an Apple ImageWriter


This humble Canon BJC-255SP at one time served as my "portable" printer for Windows.  It's similar in appearance to some of the Apple StyleWriter models (which drew heavily from Canon for inspiration).  However the BJC-255SP is parallel rather than serial.  One talent of the BJC-255SP - which I'd overlooked completely until today - is its ability to emulate an Epson LQ-510, making it a quite suitable printer for any Apple II with parallel interface card.

How to enable Epson LQ emulation on the Canon BJC-255SP


Whilst mulling the idea of putting a parallel card into my GS I suddenly remembered I have this adapter cable which converts any parallel printer into a serial ImageWriter:- 


 This end attaches to the printer and the other end has a plug for the built-in serial port of an Apple IIGS or Mac (8-pin mini DIN)The adapter takes the ImageWriter commands output by the computer and converts them into something the parallel printer can understand.  Such adapters were once easy to come by, and I had bought the one above to enable printing from my PowerBook 180c to Epson (and compatible) dot-matrix printers.

Different makes of parallel printer are supported by the adapter - there is a dial (in the photos above-left and below) which must be correctly set to match the printer type...  having lost the documentation I've no clue what those numbers on the dial correspond to, but as I had mine originally configured for Epson, there's certainly no need to mess with it now. 


It does work - like a charm!  With the aid of The Print Shop IIGS, I made this printout on the Canon BJC-255SP through the serial port of the Apple IIGS:- 



 The Print Shop IIGS configured for an ImageWriter II printer





 Test #2 - Apple's ImageWriter Tool Kit to the Canon BJC-255SP

NB: I have the Canon plugged into the modem port of the Apple IIGS which appears functionally as a Super Serial Card in slot 2




The resultant hardcopy - looking terrific!



 Test #3 - Paintworks Gold to Canon BJC-255SP under GS/OS System 6.0.3

Printing from GS/OS to an emulated ImageWriter can be problematic when using System 5.0.3 and above - see discussion HERE

I did encounter issues with the System 6.0.x ImageWriter driver and my parallel to ImageWriter converter and the solution was to revert to the equivalent driver from System 4.0


I copied the ImageWriter driver on the System 4.0 disk over to System 6.0.3, renaming it ImageWriter.OLD - this now appears as an additional option under the Printer Control Panel

Though not a perfect remedy, the borrowed driver seems to play along reasonably well with the handful of GS/OS programs I've tested so far

Here's an actual printout from Paintworks Gold to the Canon BJC-255SP using the System 4.0 driver:-



Chanced upon what appeared to be an identical adapter on eBay - which I've bought - so now have two of them - see eBay listing HERE

My original unit (left) and the spare backup from eBay (right)


UPDATE: I've now ditched the System 4.0 driver in favour of the ImageWriter II driver from Harmonie 2.1 which ticks the right boxes with its superior speed, flexibility and software compatibility...

And I've just picked up an Epson APL parallel card, dropped in slot 7 of the Apple IIGS for those times when I need it.  This is an Epson "APL B" (8132 ROM) which was upgraded by Epson to an 8133 ROM (chip is dated 17 December 1985).  It bears the revised part number Y49020510000.  I tried printing from AppleWorks 3.0, 4.0 and 5.0 and it works. 


    I did encounter a strange issue where AppleWorks 3.0 refused to print to slot 7 when booted off the hard disk, though it worked when booted up from 3.5" disk.  This is apparently due to a disk device having been mapped over the printer slot (I have a MicroDrive Turbo with 8 partitions).  A patch to fix this in AW 3.0 is described HERE - if using TimeOut, apply patch to "APLWORKS.SYS".  This conflict doesn't arise with 3.5" AppleWorks 3.0 using an older ProDOS that can't see all the partitions.  AppleWorks 4.0 & 5.x can print to any slot, even one with a disk device (no patching necessary).


Two more examples of Epson APL B cards upgraded with the newer ROM (photos courtesy of eBay & Trade Me)


In former days I had an Epson "New Apple II Intelligent Parallel Interface #8133" (part number Y490340100), bought new and in daily use for many years, but eventually sold off.  This was quite possibly the final incarnation of the Epson APL series, superseding the APL A (8131), APL B (8132) and early versions of the APL C (8133).  I held onto the original manual which describes every feature in detail - now available HERE


Photo of an "early" Epson APL C #8133 scrounged from eBay - with part number Y49022200000



Two examples of the original Epson APL A (photos sourced from web) - the one on the right is a "C" revision - but not to be confused with the Epson APL C #8133



Rear view of an Epson APL A labelled '8131' - this is a 7-bit card, whereas Epson APL B and higher are 8-bit (better suited for graphics printing)


How about this cloned version of the Epson APL B (SP-201-EP-0) which recently fell into my possession


The earlier Epson cards are not without their advantages and could prove more compatible in some settings - they were widespread so a lot of software was written with them in mind.  Any program with "EPSON APL" driver will probably work.


Dark Star Systems of the U.K. used to sell the ImageMaker EPC-1, a replacement ROM for the Epson APL B (8132) parallel printer card, to make it compatible with everything.  In order to secure copyright protection, a copy of the ImageMaker source code was lodged with the British Library.  So if anybody wants to look this up, it might be filed under "Dark Star Systems" or the name of its inventor (Robert or Bob Sather).

Info on the ImageMaker EPC-1 from Dark Star Systems newsletter -



A software patch to fix printing from AppleWorks 3.0 to Epson APL cards (pre-8133 ROM) is described HERE

Here's a letter I received in June 1988 concerning the Epson compatibility of Springboard Publisher:-


Ad for a serial to parallel adapter marketed by Epson - I scanned this from the November 1993 issue of MACNEWS (Australia)

If this Epson adaptor needs custom Mac drivers it might not work on an Apple IIGS. Better to use something like a Grappler C/Mac/GS aka Grappler 9 Pin that can still turn up on eBay and emulates an ImageWriter in hardware.  Another option is the Xetec Superwriter 924 which goes one better with 24-pin support.  Both these models are Apple IIGS, //c and Mac compatible.

Special mention too must be made of the Ice-Cable ("Epson to ImageWriter Converter") from Automatic Ice Co. of Australia which emulates an ImageWriter, colour ImageWriter II and/or an ImageWriter LQ (on 24-pin printers)


As advertised by Micro-Educational in days of yore:-Ice-Cable advertisement Micro-Educational

HISTORIC!  Micro-Educational ad from March/April 1980 in Call-A.P.P.L.E.


Apple II software ad from June 1982 Australian Personal Computer

                           HERE is a review of the Ice-Cable from A.C.T. Apple Newsletter 


I managed to get hold of a Grappler C/Mac/GS which looks like this:

Only has Apple IIc plug, and missing the original AC adapter but fortunately I have a Sanyo power pack of the correct type.  The Grappler performs well with my Apple //c and The Print Shop to Canon BJC-255SP, in both parallel pass-thru and ImageWriter emulation modes.  I found the manual HERE.


The Epson GX-80 printer is another option for the Apple IIc, when fitted with appropriate Printer Interface Cartridge from Epson


(HERE is a good photo of the Epson GX-80 Apple IIc cartridge)

Fans of The Print Shop should also check out Print Magic by Epyx...



[Print Magic Graphics Reference Card now available HERE]



REVIEWS Hotlink, Grappler C, LiveWire, Apple ColorMonitor IIe, & Epson AP-80 (ImageWriter-compatible printer designed specifically for Apple II)The Apple II Review (Spring 1986)





WHAT A STEAL !!  Found this Epson LX-800 dumped on a Perth suburban kerbside on the rather hot morning of 14th November 2016!  I rescued it and very glad I did, as this 9-pin printer is in excellent shape and functions as new.  Came with a ribbon fitted which should last me a while.  No tractor feed or cut sheet feeder, but even single sheets can be fun for the occasional printout. 

This scavenged LX-800 is rated 220V so the original owner must have bought it overseas.  There are two physically distinct models of the LX-800 - one for US/Australia and one for everywhere else.  The photo below left shows what the US/Australian one looks like (front cover is all-white).  To the right is a page from the Epson LX-800 Technical Manual on how the two models differ.



I've owned Epson LX-86, LX-850 and Brother M-1324 in the past - the LX-850 as successor to the LX-800 offers similar print quality though with improved speed and paper handling (e.g. auto tear-off, seamless switching between cut sheet and built-in push tractor). Mine also had the optional cut sheet feeder with 150 sheet capacity. In some markets the LX-850 is known as the LX-810.


  Epson LX-850 official sample brochure ca. 1990  


Epson LX-850 official sample brochure ca. 1990


^ 2016-04-26 (last revised 2017-01-07)

Using AppleWorks 3.0 with an Epson LX-850

At one time I had this setup and made this primer on how to control the dot-matrix printer from AppleWorks 3.0.  Since I hardly remember how to use this program anymore, it's useful to revisit...  firstly the CPI (character per inch) settings should be set up correctly for your printer, then any special settings can be configured using the 6 special codes available in AW 3.0.  If that isn't enough, one can take advantage of vacant CPI settings to hide extra codes for other functions.  Using a similar approach, I created a separate configuration profile for a Brother M-1324 printer which could be called upon as needed.  All dot-matrix printers (and especially Epson compatibles) operate in the same way, but for best performance the AppleWorks printer settings need custom tweaking.



Menus showing the TimeOut applications I was using with AppleWorks 3.0 (left) and 2.0A which preceded it (right)






  Claris AppleWorks 3.0 original box & quick reference card scans




I bought AppleWorks 4.0 when it came out, but didn't make much use of it as shortly afterwards I began to do most of my work on a PowerBook 180c (printing to an HP DeskWriter 520).  Though I'm sure AW4.0 (and 5.x) offer extra facilities in the printing department.  Later I got rid of the DeskWriter and my only regret is I never tried to hook it up to the Apple IIGS.  Printing should have been possible from GS/OS using Harmonie 2.1 though at the time I only had an earlier Harmonie (1990 revision) which lacked DeskWriter support.  I still have access to an HP LaserJet 1200 and maybe one day I'll try it out with the GS.

Incidentally, anyone in the market for a used HP DeskJet 550C/560C or DeskJet/DeskWriter 520/510 should check the roller before buying.  The initial batch of these printers had faulty rollers which would become slick after a while and have difficulty gripping paper.  HP offered a free repair kit to U.S. customers - see article HERE.  In fact, my DeskWriter 520 eventually developed this problem and I had the roller replaced for free at the HP service centre in Osborne Park (Perth). The new rollers have a rubbery, textured feel.  The defective rollers appear shiny and smooth to the touch.



^ 2016-05-09 (last revised 2016-06-14)

Apple Extended Keyboard II

 Never planned on getting one of these, but it was an opportunity too good to pass up...  and for just A$40 from Gumtree (local pickup) this was a no-brainer.  ADB cable and even an iMate ADB to USB adapter were thrown in.



The Apple Extended Keyboard II was released in 1990 primarily for Macs with ADB ports.  Designed with PC emulation in mind, it has the typical PC layout with a full complement of special keys - F1—F15, ALT, Scroll Lock etc.  It's also Apple IIGS compatible, with the upgraded ADB controller on the ROM03 IIGS being able to light up the LEDs for Caps Lock etc.  The Caps Lock key is of the latching variety.



 iMate ADB to USB adapter



So far I've only tested the keyboard on a Pentium 4 desktop PC running Vista, as I don't have the space for it anywhere else.  The unobtrusive iMate adapter is doing its job with Vista immediately recognizing a USB keyboard. 


The Apple Extended Keyboard II has an agreeable lightweight touch and is a pleasure to type on.  LED indicators work and all the keys are perfect apart from an unresponsive = key on the numeric keypad.  Not a big deal as far as I'm concerned, and for the price, I reckon I snared a bargain!

UPDATE: Just realized the standard PC keyboard doesn't even have a numeric = key, which is why the iMate adapter doesn't map this key or Vista won't register it.  However, it works fine on a Mac or IIGS with straight ADB connection.


I also managed to acquire the Owner's Guide for the Apple Extended Keyboard II




  High quality colour scans of my Apple Extended Keyboard II Owner's Guide



^ 2016-05-03 (last revised 2016-06-02)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Macintosh Plus in original box & ImageWriter I

 Spotted a fine-looking ImageWriter I printer on Gumtree and went over this morning to take a closer look...  the seller - a real Mac enthusiast - showed me some other stuff he had, including a mint condition Mac Plus in its original box complete with manuals, keyboard, mouse, accessories, original purchase receipt, and an external 3.5" drive.  It was offered to me for what seemed like a pretty good price and I ended up buying it, together with the ImageWriter I, some ClarisWorks manuals, and a couple other odds and ends.


ImageWriter I (220/240V model) - originally sold by Computer Age of Nedlands, W.A.




   Computer Age 1982 ad

FLASHBACK:  This empty UniDisk case with Computer Age sticker is something I've retained through the years (now employed as a caddy for the SCSI2SD adapter).  I do remember Computer Age in Nedlands, they had this small rectangular showroom with an Apple IIGS (and quite possibly a IIe) on display just beside the entrance, and long tables with other models on either side flanking the length of the room.  The other Apple dealers of the 1980's were ComputerLand on St Georges Tce, Perth (I saw a Mac and mouse there for the very first time, and believing the mouse to be a trackball tried to operate it upside down!), Computer Choice in West Perth, and later on came Random Access AppleCentre of Adelaide Tce, Perth.  Myer department stores sold the Apple IIc and had a decent range of Apple II software.  I don't know what Myer were doing prior to the IIc, perhaps they carried at some point the Apple II Europlus, as was the case with some of their interstate stores.



1981 ComputerLand advertisement with Apple III  &  1982 Myer Computer Wave ad for Apple II



Macintosh Plus featured in ComputerLand (Perth) Newsletter (May 1986)


ComputerLand ad (Perth & Nedlands) (1988 Computers West)


LocalTalk adapters, cabling, ADB mice - never know when these might come in handy


Manual for LocalTalk cable system wasn't included but this is something I already have:-


ClarisWorks manuals

(ClarisWorks v2.1 was installed on my now defunct PowerBook 180c and was capable of reading Apple II AppleWorks files directly)


Apple Macintosh Plus original box (Australian version)






"A History of Personal Computing" - Apple Computer Australia brochure from October 1990 (tucked inside the box though not part of the original contents)



Platinum Apple IIe, Apple IIGS & Macs in Apple Australia's product line-up



Mac Plus keyboard



Mac Plus main unit, assorted manuals, and original purchase receipt (dated November 1989)



Packing List, Apple Product List, Apple Australia 12-month Warranty, Thank You letter


The facility depicted in the letter is probably Apple's factory in Singapore where Apple IIe, IIc Plus, IIGS and Macs were made


Mac Plus manuals & system disks



Mac 800K External Drive (model M0131)

Drive functions well apart from the auto eject not working (needs a paperclip to manually eject).  However, as the Mac Plus can boot off this drive, I'll just keep a System 6 boot disk permanently inserted, and use the internal 3.5" (ejects fine) as the working drive.


In case you wondered, the Mac 800K External Drive (M0131) is not Apple IIGS compatible though the Mac Plus can accept the standard Apple IIGS 3.5" 800K drive.  But there may yet be a solution for the M0131 and Apple II.  I used to have one of those "Laser Universal Disk Controller" (UDC) cards for an Applied Engineering 800K drive in my former IIe.  When I bade farewell to the IIe, I kept the AE drive but not the UDC - though the UDC had always worked great for me (I think it underwent several ROM revisions so YMMV).  Rather intriguingly, the UDC's manual cites compatibility with Mac 400K and 800K external drives.  Even if correct, the absence of eject buttons makes these Mac drives suitable really only for the GS/OS Finder (or Mouse Desk).


ImageWriter I adapter cable & spare ImageWriter ribbon in original box



Close-ups of the Mac Plus




Interrupt/Reset programmer's switch - this slots into the side of the Mac Plus - am told this part is quite rare


Took me a while to figure out the placement...  for now, the Mac Plus and ImageWriter will rest atop this nice plank of wood


Notice how this Mac Plus, manufactured in 1989, has a platinum colour case (Mac Pluses were beige until 1987 when platinum came in).  The beige external 3.5" drive dates from 1986.


Seller had taken the precaution of removing the Mac's old battery so the clock doesn't keep time.  Otherwise everything appears shipshape.  Apparently, Steve Jobs' and Wozniak's signatures are engraved inside the case!  I'm not about to pry this thing open to confirm, but see HERE


Earthquake insurance anyone?!





Separately acquired but worthy of note...


New battery for Mac Plus





Apple //c Imagewriter User's Manual




Apple cables 590-0191-A (Apple IIc to ImageWriter I) & 590-0555-A


I believe the 590-0555-A cable (on the right) can connect an Apple II Super Serial Card (with jumper block set to "Modem") to an ImageWriter II/LQ.  With the ends reversed, it may also work for printing from the Apple IIGS serial port (with the right control panel settings) to an ImageWriter I - but I've yet to confirm this.  (Another cable to try is the 590-0556-A which I don't have)

?! BRAIN TEASER !?  One of my goals was to share the ImageWriter I between the Mac Plus and GS and I found the solution via an improvised series of switchboxes and cables.  From the GS serial port, I'm running an ImageWriter II cable 590-0552-A (mini DIN-8 on both ends) to the first switchbox - which really just serves as a mini DIN-8 gender adapter - and from there a mini DIN-8 to DB25 modem cable to the second switchbox.  The lead from the Mac Plus which normally goes straight to the ImageWriter also plugs into this DB25 (two-way) switchbox. A serial cable of unknown specification links the output of the switchbox to the ImageWriter I.  Yes, painfully stitched together but this arrangement actually works!  By the flick of a switch, I can toggle the printer between either computer.  (The first switchbox is somewhat redundant but just facilitates a multiple cable run from the GS which is further away from the printer... had I an extra long cable for the GS that would certainly simplify matters)



^ 2016-05-11 (last revised 2016-11-07)

 DIRECT LINK to this section 

Apple IIe Card & button microphone for Macintosh LC


MacWorld (December 1990)






The Apple Microphone (part # 590-0617-A or 699-5103-A) was originally designed for Macintosh LC and IIsi (see article above), but will also work on the Apple IIGS equipped with appropriate sound card.  It's a powered mike so external DC power must be provided.  I'm using a Soundman A3 Adapter for this purpose:



Recordings made with Sonic Blaster software and AudioZap using Apple Microphone (590-0167-A) connected to AE Sonic Blaster card


^ 2016-05-21


Apple ][ memorabilia

Who could resist these party favourite "Apple ][" stickers, mug, mouse mat and pen?  Custom-made with Vistaprint :)


Apple ][ badge of honour for my enhanced Apple IIe clone!






Apple magic rug (it flies!)


Promotional souvenir accompanying the sale of an Apple //c in Australia in the mid-80's


^ 2016-03-14 (last revised 2016-10-14)


                Apple Lisa ad — Zofarry Enterprises of Sydney
                Five "NewsDisks" of the early Apple User Group of WA referenced in the database of my former Apple II 5.25" disk collection (given away entirely in the mid-90's save for a handful of originals)



My close-up encounter with a wombat at Hartz Mountains National Park in Tasmania on 25 August 2014










An earlier version of the NetComm Apple II modem (June 1984 Electronics Australia)

  Chip Checker and Sprite Graphics Card from Australian Video Presentations (Sep 1984 Electronics Australia)
                      HI TECH C Compiler for Apple IIGS (October 1987 Electronics Australia)







    Tweet from Woz staying at the Parmelia Hilton in Perth: 

    A fitting choice!  Interesting fact: In the 1980's, the Parmelia Hilton's accounting system was run entirely on Apple II equipment and the software was custom designed for them by Samurai Software's lead programmer (then aged just 16).

                    Parmelia Hilton as it looked in the early 80's
                    King Tut exhibition in Perth (October 2016)

^ 2017-01-08 (last revised)

 X-REF (Cross-Reference) to Apple II Programming Books (144 pages - PDF original scan) 

Download X-REF to Apple II Programming Books

A compilation of the glossaries and indexes from the books and references listed below. It is intended to be a "look here first" book for helping you find the definition to terms used in any of these sources of technical information. In addition, the compiled index will help you find what you are looking for across the entire suite.

The books covered:
Apple IIc Technical Reference
Apple IIe Technical Reference
Apple IIGS Firmware Reference
ProDOS 16 Technical Reference
Programmer's Introduction to the Apple IIGS
Technical Introduction to the Apple IIGS
Apple IIGS Toolbox Reference (treated as a whole)

Technical notes:
Apple IIe Tech Notes
Apple IIc Tech Notes
Apple IIGS Tech Notes
Apple II Miscellaneous Tech Notes
AppleTalk Tech Notes
GS/OS Tech Notes
ImageWriter Tech Notes
Memory Expansion Card
Mouse Tech Notes
ProDOS 8 Tech Notes
Pascal Tech Notes
SmartPort Tech Notes
UniDisk 3.5 Tech Notes

^ 2015-11-11

AppleSwap disks (Apple Computer Australia Pty Ltd)



How Do I Get To Woolloomooloo? (1987 JDEisenberg)


"Enter the GS: A dramatic breakthrough for the Apple II range" - Apple IIGS cover story, Apple User magazine (UK) (October 1986)


Apple IIGS launch advertisement United Kingdom - Apple User magazine (UK) (April 1987)


Irish manufactured Apple IIGS original box [photo courtesy of eBay UK]


Apple IIGS launch advertisement Australia (1987) - published in magazines & as a fold-out brochure from Apple dealers (the brochure had at least one extra page listing the specs)



  Article on Australian debut of Apple IIGS & Apple Australia data sheet IIe to IIGS Upgrade Kit (Applecations - Oct 1986 & Jan/Feb 1987)



  Colour scans of The IIGS Upgrade Kit cover story from A+ February 1987





"Introducing the Apple IIGS" 20 page brochure (USA) - excerpts






Close-ups of my Apple IIGS Woz Edition (Australia)







I gave away the keyboard that was original to my Australian Woz edition around 1996.  So when I started using an Apple IIGS again in late 2015, I found this replacement French Canadian keyboard with a standard QWERTY layout.  It too, may have come from a Woz edition GS, judging by the low serial number.  All the keys work fine - the Return key was a bit stiff at first but now fixed with the aid of CRC 5.56 lubricant spray:-



Some photos from my travels to a wintry Québec (February 2012)